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The smart aerial release machine, a universal system for applying the sterile insect technique

Leal Mubarqui Ruben, Cano Perez Rene, Kladt Robert Angulo, Zavala Lopez Jose Luis, Parker Andrew Gordon, Seck Momar Talla, Sall Baba, Bouyer Jérémy. 2014. The smart aerial release machine, a universal system for applying the sterile insect technique. PloS One, 9 (7):e103077, 9 p.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Background: Beyond insecticides, alternative methods to control insect pests for agriculture and vectors of diseases are needed. Management strategies involving the mass-release of living control agents have been developed, including genetic control with sterile insects and biological control with parasitoids, for which aerial release of insects is often required. Aerial release in genetic control programmes often involves the use of chilled sterile insects, which can improve dispersal, survival and competitiveness of sterile males. Currently available means of aerially releasing chilled fruit flies are however insufficiently precise to ensure homogeneous distribution at low release rates and no device is available for tsetse. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here we present the smart aerial release machine, a new design by the Mubarqui Company, based on the use of vibrating conveyors. The machine is controlled through Bluetooth by a tablet with Android Operating System including a completely automatic guidance and navigation system (MaxNav software). The tablet is also connected to an online relational database facilitating the preparation of flight schedules and automatic storage of flight reports. The new machine was compared with a conveyor release machine in Mexico using two fruit flies species (Anastrepha ludens and Ceratitis capitata) and we obtained better dispersal homogeneity (% of positive traps, p, 0.001) for both species and better recapture rates for Anastrepha ludens (p,0.001), especially at low release densities (, 1500 per ha). We also demonstrated that the machine can replace paper boxes for aerial release of tsetse in Senegal. Conclusions/Significance: This technology limits damages to insects and allows a large range of release rates from 10 flies/ km2 for tsetse flies up to 600 000 flies/km2 for fruit flies. The potential of this machine to release other species like mosquitoes is discussed. Plans and operating of the machine are provided to allow its use worldwide. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Vecteur de maladie, Contrôle de maladies, Méthode de lutte, Aéronef, Infertilité mâle, Glossina palpalis, Anastrepha ludens, Ceratitis capitata, Lutte intégrée, Lutte génétique, Méthode statistique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sénégal, Mexique

Mots-clés complémentaires : Glossina palpalis gambiensis

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
L73 - Animal diseases
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Leal Mubarqui Ruben, Servicios aéreos Biologicos y Forestales Mubarqui (MEX)
  • Cano Perez Rene, Servicios aéreos Biologicos y Forestales Mubarqui (MEX)
  • Kladt Robert Angulo, Servicios aéreos Biologicos y Forestales Mubarqui (MEX)
  • Zavala Lopez Jose Luis
  • Parker Andrew Gordon, AIEA (AUT)
  • Seck Momar Talla, ISRA (SEN)
  • Sall Baba, DSV Dakar (SEN)
  • Bouyer Jérémy, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (SEN) ORCID: 0000-0002-1913-416X

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/573750/)

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