Cocoa-timber agroforestry systems: Theobroma cacao-Cordia alliodora in Central America

Somarriba Chavez Eduardo, Suarez-Islas Alfonso, Calero-Borge Wilson, Villota Alejandra, Castillo Cristopher, Vilchez Sergio, Deheuvels Olivier, Cerda Rolando. 2014. Cocoa-timber agroforestry systems: Theobroma cacao-Cordia alliodora in Central America. AgroForestry Systems, 88 (6) : pp. 1001-1019.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : FORESTRY

Abstract : Cocoa-timber systems have been proposed as viable alternative for simultaneously satisfying the livelihood needs of the farmers (in terms of production of cocoa and other goods for family use or sale) while improving the capacity of the cocoa agroforestry system to provide other ecosystem services at both the plot and landscape level. In this paper we explored the demographics, population dynamics and timber yield of naturally regenerated laurel (Cordia alliodora R&P Oken) in 33 ha of cocoa plantations (42 farms) inventoried in 2001 and re-measured in 2005 and 2011, in Talamanca, Costa Rica. This study shows in quantitative terms the significant contribution of laurel timber in the shade canopy of cocoa to annual income (use or sale of timber) and family savings (timber in standing, harvestable trees). In the study region, laurel yields 4.43 m3 ha-1 year-1, equivalent to an annual income of 265 US$ ha-1 year-1 (assuming that 50 % of total standing volume is saleable, at 120 US$ m-3 for standing laurel timber at the farm). In addition to the cash flow, standing, harvestable laurel trees (43.89 m3 ha-1) amounts to 2,633 US$ ha-1 in family savings. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Agroforesterie, Plante d'ombrage, Cordia alliodora, Analyse économique, Exploitation agricole familiale, Revenu de l'exploitation, Rendement des cultures, Production forestière, Bois, Démographie, service, Écosystème

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Costa Rica

Mots-clés complémentaires : Service environnemental

Classification Agris : K10 - Forestry production
E80 - Home economics and crafts
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Somarriba Chavez Eduardo, CATIE (CRI)
  • Suarez-Islas Alfonso, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo (MEX)
  • Calero-Borge Wilson, Universidad de las Regiones Autónomas de la Costa Caribe Nicaragüense (NIC)
  • Villota Alejandra, Universidad de Narino (COL)
  • Castillo Cristopher, PALIG (CRI)
  • Vilchez Sergio, CATIE (CRI)
  • Deheuvels Olivier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR SYSTEM (CRI)
  • Cerda Rolando, CATIE (CRI)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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