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Comprehensive phylogenetic reconstructions of Rift Valley fever virus: The 2010 Northern Mauritania outbreak in the Camelus dromedarius species

El Mamy Ahmed Bezeid, Lo Modou Moustapha, Thiongane Yaya, Diop Mariame, Isselmou Ekatarina, Doumbia Baba, Ould Babah Mohamed A., El Arbi Sidi Mahmoud Ahmed Salem, Lancelot Renaud, Kane Yaghouba, Albina Emmanuel, Cetre-Sossah Catherine. 2014. Comprehensive phylogenetic reconstructions of Rift Valley fever virus: The 2010 Northern Mauritania outbreak in the Camelus dromedarius species. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 14 (12) : pp. 856-861.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH (Science) / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Abstract : Rift valley fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by RVF virus (RVFV), a phlebovirus (Bunyaviridae). RVF is widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa. In September of 2010, an RVF outbreak occurred in northern Mauritania involving mass abortions in small ruminants and camels (Camelus dromedarius) and at least 63 human clinical cases, including 13 deaths. In camels, serological prevalence was 27.5-38.5% (95% confidence interval, n = 279). For the first time, clinical signs other than abortions were reported in this species, including hemorrhagic septicemia and severe respiratory distress in animals. We assessed the presence of RVFV in camel sera sampled during this outbreak and generated wholegenome sequences of RVFV to determine the possible origin of this RVFV strain. Phylogenetic analyses suggested a shared ancestor between the Mauritania 2010 strain and strains from Zimbabwe (2269, 763, and 2373), Kenya (155_57 and 56IB8), South Africa (Kakamas, SA75 and SA51VanWyck), Uganda (Entebbe), and other strains linked to the 1987 outbreak of RVF in Mauritania (OS1, OS3, OS8, and OS9). (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Bunyaviridae, Phylogénie, Provenance, Immunologie, Épidémiologie, Dromadaire, Symptome, Distribution géographique, Petits ruminants, Sérologie, Fièvre de la Vallée du Rift

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mauritanie, Ouganda, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Afrique du Sud

Mots-clés complémentaires : Souche (organisme)

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L20 - Animal ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • El Mamy Ahmed Bezeid, CNERV (MRT)
  • Lo Modou Moustapha, ISRA (SEN)
  • Thiongane Yaya, ISRA (SEN)
  • Diop Mariame, ISRA (SEN)
  • Isselmou Ekatarina, CNERV (MRT)
  • Doumbia Baba, CNERV (MRT)
  • Ould Babah Mohamed A., Ministère du développement rural et de l'environnement (Mauritanie) (MRT)
  • El Arbi Sidi Mahmoud Ahmed Salem, Ministère du développement rural et de l'environnement (Mauritanie) (MRT)
  • Lancelot Renaud, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Kane Yaghouba, EISMV (SEN)
  • Albina Emmanuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (GLP)
  • Cetre-Sossah Catherine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (REU)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/574891/)

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