Is small scale irrigation an efficient propoor strategy in the upper Limpopo basin in Mozambique?

Ducrot Raphaèle. 2014. Is small scale irrigation an efficient propoor strategy in the upper Limpopo basin in Mozambique?. In : The hub for information dissemination and knowledge exchange in Integrated Water Resources Management in Southern and Eastern Africa, 15th WaterNet. WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium, Lilongwe, Malawi, 29-31 October 2014. s.l. : s.n., 17 p. WaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Symposium. 15, Lilongwe, Malawi, 29 October 2014/31 October 2014.

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Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : In Sub Sahara Africa, there is evidence that households with access to small scale irrigation are significantly less poor than households without access to irrigation. But private motopump tend to be unequally distributed. This paper investigates the success of explicit pro-poor intervention with emphasis on small-scale irrigation in the semi-arid Limpopo Basin in Mozambique. It highlights that the high irrigation cost are progressively excluding the poorest who do not have the mean to derive from other activities the cash to fund for irrigation functioning. Besides the functioning of collective scheme where they had been included is jeopardized by the development of private irrigation supported by hidden subsidies which are being appropriated by local elite. This unequal mode of access to irrigation can contribute to stir resentments at community level, weakening community cohesiveness and consequently its margin for collective action and coordination capacity which are crucial for collective irrigation. Highlights : - Small scale irrigation has recently been increasing due to drought relief interventions or funding from local development fund which in practice is subsidizing private irrigation. - Poorest families tend to drop-off from collective irrigation while they have no access to local development fund due to the bias of the allocation mechanism. - The fragile land tenure arrangements of collective irrigation are jeopardized by the development of private irrigation. - A proper analysis of the economic profitability of small scale irrigation is needed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : F06 - Irrigation
E80 - Home economics, industries and crafts
E50 - Rural sociology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ducrot Raphaèle, CIRAD-ES-UMR G-EAU (MOZ)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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