Tabanids: Neglected subjects of research, but important vectors of disease agents!

Baldacchino Frédéric, Desquesnes Marc, Mihok Steve, Foil Lane, Duvallet Gérard, Jittapalapong Sathaporn. 2014. Tabanids: Neglected subjects of research, but important vectors of disease agents!. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 28 : pp. 596-615.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Anthropologie-Ethnologie

Abstract : Tabanids are nuisance pests for people and livestock because of their painful and irritating bite, persistent biting behavior, and blood ingestion. About 4400 tabanid species have been described; they are seasonally present in all kinds of landscapes, latitudes, and altitudes. High populations have a significant economic impact on outdoor activities, tourism, and livestock production. Tabanids are also vectors of animal disease agents, including viruses, bacteria and parasites. However, tabanids have received little attention in comparison with other hematophagous Diptera. Here, we highlight the many direct and indirect impacts of tabanids and provide a brief summary of tabanid morphology, biology, and life cycle. Impacts include pathogen transmission, parasite transportation (Dermatobia hominis), biological transmission (Loa loa), and mechanical transmission of viruses, such as equine infectious anemia virus, protozoa, such as Trypanosoma evansi and Besnotia besnoiti, and bacteria, such as Bacillus anthracis and Anaplasma marginale. We discuss parameters of mechanical transmission and its mathematical modeling. Control methods for tabanid populations are also summarized; these include trapping, the use of insecticides, repellents, and livestock protection. Lastly recommendations are provided for the direction of future research. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Baldacchino Frédéric, Centre national de la recherche scientifique (FRA)
  • Desquesnes Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR INTERTRYP (THA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7665-2422
  • Mihok Steve
  • Foil Lane, Louisiana State University (USA)
  • Duvallet Gérard, Centre national de la recherche scientifique (FRA)
  • Jittapalapong Sathaporn, Kasetsart University (THA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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