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Phylogeny of nodulation genes and symbiotic diversity of Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. and A. seyal (Del.) Mesorhizobium strains from different Regions of Senegal

Bakhoum Niokhor, Galiana Antoine, Le Roux Christine, Kane Aboubacry, Duponnois Robin, Ndoye Fatou, Fall Dioumacor, Noba Kandioura, Sylla Samba, Diouf Diégane. 2015. Phylogeny of nodulation genes and symbiotic diversity of Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. and A. seyal (Del.) Mesorhizobium strains from different Regions of Senegal. Microbial Ecology, 69 (3) : pp. 641-651.

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Url - jeu de données : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JX024236 / Url - jeu de données : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JX036009 / Url - jeu de données : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JX064521 / Url - jeu de données : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JX064535

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MARINE & FRESHWATER BIOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : MICROBIOLOGY

Additional Information : Jeux de données enregistrés dans la base GenBank des numéros d'accès JX024236 au JX024249, JX036009 au JX036022, JX064521 au JX064534.

Abstract : Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal are small, deciduous legume trees, most highly valued for nitrogen fixation and for the production of gum arabic, a commodity of international trade since ancient times. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation by legumes represents the main natural input of atmospheric N2 into ecosystems which may ultimately benefit all organisms. We analyzed the nod and nif symbiotic genes and symbiotic properties of root-nodulating bacteria isolated from A. senegal and A. seyal in Senegal. The symbiotic genes of rhizobial strains from the two Acacia species were closed to those of Mesorhizobium plurifarium and grouped separately in the phylogenetic trees. Phylogeny of rhizobial nitrogen fixation gene nifH was similar to those of nodulation genes (nodA and nodC). All A. senegal rhizobial strains showed identical nodA, nodC, and nifH gene sequences. By contrast, A. seyal rhizobial strains exhibited different symbiotic gene sequences. Efficiency tests demonstrated that inoculation of both Acacia species significantly affected nodulation, total dry weight, acetylene reduction activity (ARA), and specific acetylene reduction activity (SARA) of plants. However, these cross-inoculation tests did not show any specificity of Mesorhizobium strains toward a given Acacia host species in terms of infectivity and efficiency as stated by principal component analysis (PCA). This study demonstrates that large-scale inoculation of A. senegal and A. seyal in the framework of reafforestation programs requires a preliminary step of rhizobial strain selection for both Acacia species. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Acacia senegal, Acacia seyal, Arbre à buts multiples, Fixation de l'azote, Mycorhizé, Symbiose, nodosité racinaire, Rhizobium, Génétique, Sélection, Inoculation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sénégal

Mots-clés complémentaires : Souche (microorganisme)

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
P34 - Soil biology
K10 - Forestry production

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bakhoum Niokhor, IRD (SEN)
  • Galiana Antoine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5293-5049
  • Le Roux Christine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-0668-3589
  • Kane Aboubacry, IRD (SEN)
  • Duponnois Robin, IRD (SEN)
  • Ndoye Fatou, UCAD (SEN)
  • Fall Dioumacor, ISRA (SEN)
  • Noba Kandioura, UCAD (SEN)
  • Sylla Samba, IRD (SEN)
  • Diouf Diégane, IRD (SEN)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/575506/)

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