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Achieving conservation and equity amidst extreme poverty and climate risk: The Makira REDD+ Project in Madagascar

Brimont Laura, Ezzine de Blas Driss, Karsenty Alain, Toulon Angélique. 2015. Achieving conservation and equity amidst extreme poverty and climate risk: The Makira REDD+ Project in Madagascar. Forests, 6 (3) : pp. 748-768.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : FORESTRY

Abstract : Achieving forest conservation together with poverty alleviation and equity is an unending challenge in the tropics. The Makira REDD+ pilot project located in northeastern Madagascar is a well-suited case to explore this challenge in conditions of extreme poverty and climatic vulnerability. We assessed the potential effect of project siting on the livelihoods of the local population and which households would be the most strongly impacted by conservation measures. Farmers living in hilly areas must resort to slash-and-burn agriculture (tavy) since a combination of topographic and climatic constraints, such as cyclones, makes permanent rice cultivation very difficult. These are the people who suffer most from conservation-related restriction measures. For practical reasons the project, unfortunately, did not target these farmers. The main focus was on communities with a lower cyclonic risk that are able to practice permanent rice agriculture in the lowlands. To reduce deforestation without violating the principles of equity, REDD+ projects in Madagascar need to better target populations facing high climatic risks and invest in efforts to improve the farmers' agricultural systems. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : forêt tropicale, Oryza sativa, protection de la forêt, Politique de l'environnement, Facteur climatique, Accident climatique, Déboisement, Système d'exploitation agricole, Pauvreté

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar

Mots-clés complémentaires : Déforestation, Brûlis, Risque climatique, Riziculture, Service environnemental

Classification Agris : K70 - Forest injuries and protection
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
P40 - Meteorology and climatology
K01 - Forestry - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Brimont Laura, AgroParisTech (FRA)
  • Ezzine de Blas Driss, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (MEX)
  • Karsenty Alain, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (FRA)
  • Toulon Angélique, Université Montesquieu-Bordeaux IV (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/575636/)

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