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Reducing losses inflicted by insect pests on cashew, using weaver ants as a biological control agent

Anato Florence M., Wargui Rosine, Sinzogan Antonio Alain Coffi, Offenberg Joachim, Adandonon Appolinaire, Vayssières Jean-François, Kossou Dansou. 2015. Reducing losses inflicted by insect pests on cashew, using weaver ants as a biological control agent. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 17 (3) : pp. 285-291.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
576172.pdf

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENTOMOLOGY

Abstract : * In Benin cashew plantations, yields and nut quality are lost mainly as a result of insect pests. In the present study, we investigated the effectiveness of the African weaver ant Oecophylla longinoda as a biocontrol agent against Beninese cashew pests. * In a 2-year study, nut yield and quality were compared among: (i) trees with weaver ants O. longinoda; (ii) trees where weaver ants were sugar-fed; (iii) integrated pest management (IPM) trees with weaver ants combined with fruit fly bait spray; and (iv) control trees receiving no control measures. * All treatments with ants showed significantly higher yields than the control, with the IPM treatment leading to the highest yield. Compared with the control trees, the ants, ant sugar-fed and the IPM trees produced 78%, 122% and 151% more nuts, respectively. Nuts produced on control trees were of a higher quality on average because they were less damaged by thrips (probably because the fruit fly bait worked as a contact poison on thrips); this was also the case for the IPM treatment. In absolute numbers, however, trees in ant treatments produced more first-quality nuts. * To achieve a broader and effective control of both coreid bugs and thrips, a combination of weaver ants and supplementary compatible control measures is recommended. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Anacardium occidentale, Oecophylla, Lutte biologique, Lutte anti-insecte, Qualité, Noix de cajou, Rendement des cultures, Ravageur des plantes, Insecte prédateur, Perte

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin

Mots-clés complémentaires : Oecophylla longinoda

Mots-clés libres : Biocontrol, Cashew yield, Nut quality, Oecophylla longinoda, Pest damages

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Anato Florence M., UAC (BEN)
  • Wargui Rosine, UAC (BEN)
  • Sinzogan Antonio Alain Coffi, UAC (BEN)
  • Offenberg Joachim, Aarhus University (DNK)
  • Adandonon Appolinaire, Université d'Agriculture de Kétou (BEN)
  • Vayssières Jean-François, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (BEN)
  • Kossou Dansou, UAC (BEN)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/576172/)

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