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Characteristics of commercial and traditional village poultry farming in Mali with a focus on practices influencing the risk of transmission of avian influenza and Newcastle disease

Molia Sophie, Traoré Idrissa, Kamissoko Badian, Diakité Adama, Sanogo Sidibé Maïmouna, Sissoko Kadiatou, Pfeiffer Dirk Udo. 2015. Characteristics of commercial and traditional village poultry farming in Mali with a focus on practices influencing the risk of transmission of avian influenza and Newcastle disease. Acta Tropica, 150 : pp. 14-22.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : TROPICAL MEDICINE / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PARASITOLOGY

Abstract : We aimed at characterizing commercial and traditional village poultry farming in Mali, with a focus on practices influencing the risk of transmission of avian influenza and Newcastle disease. Surveys were conducted in 2009–2011 in a study area covering approximately 98% of the Malian poultry population. Among the 282 commercial farms investigated, of which 64 had not been known by the government authorities, 83% were located within a 50 km radius from the capitals of the country and regions and 54% had low biosecurity standard. Among the 152 randomly selected village household flocks investigated, characteristics were overall similar to those in other African countries but some differences were notable including a large flock size (median 44 poultry), a low presence of ducks and geese (11% and 1.1% of flocks, respectively), vaccination against Newcastle disease being common (49% of flocks), a low proportion of households selling sick and dead birds (0.7% and 0%, respectively) and limited cohabitation between poultry and humans at night. Our recommendations to limit the risk of disease transmission include (1) for commercial farms, to introduce compulsory farm registration and accreditation, to increase technical proficiency and access to credit for farms with low biosecurity, and to support poultry producer associations; (2) for village poultry, to promote better quarantine and management of sick and dead birds. Such detailed knowledge of country-specific characteristics of poultry production systems is essential to be able to develop more efficient disease risk management policies. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Aviculture, Influenzavirus aviaire, Maladie de Newcastle, Surveillance épidémiologique, Transmission des maladies, Gestion du risque, Commercialisation, Enquête sur exploitations agricoles, Méthode d'élevage, Village, Volaille, Système de production, Grippe aviaire, Virus maladie de newcastle, Paramyxovirus aviaire

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mali

Mots-clés libres : Village poultry, Commercial poultry, Production systems, Mali, Avian influenza, Newcastle disease

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L01 - Animal husbandry
E70 - Trade, marketing and distribution

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Molia Sophie, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (MDG)
  • Traoré Idrissa, LCV (MLI)
  • Kamissoko Badian, LCV (MLI)
  • Diakité Adama, LCV (MLI)
  • Sanogo Sidibé Maïmouna, Direction nationale des services vétérinaires (MLI)
  • Sissoko Kadiatou, Direction nationale des services vétérinaires (MLI)
  • Pfeiffer Dirk Udo, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/576261/)

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