Agritrop
Home

Soil variability and crop yield gaps in two village landscapes of Burkina Faso

Diarisso Tidiane, Corbeels Marc, Andrieu Nadine, Djamen Patrice, Douzet Jean-Marie, Tittonell Pablo. 2016. Soil variability and crop yield gaps in two village landscapes of Burkina Faso. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 105 (3) : pp. 199-216.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
[img] Version Online first - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
Diarisso_et al.pdf

Télécharger (1MB) | Request a copy
[img] Published version - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
art_10.1007_s10705-015-9705-6.pdf

Télécharger (1MB) | Request a copy

Quartile : Q3, Sujet : SOIL SCIENCE

Abstract : Low crop yields in the savannah zones of West Africa are commonly attributed to rainfall deficits and poor soil fertility. In this study, an assessment was made on how the position of fields belonging to different farm types can explain soil variability and related crop yield gaps in two villages in Burkina Faso, Yilou and Koumbia, located, respectively, in the Sudano-Sahelian and Sudanian agro-ecological zones. In each village, four farm types were identified. Soil fertility was generally poor and use of nutrient inputs low in most of the farmer's fields . As a consequence, yields for most crops were low, but differences among farm types were found, which can be linked to their socioeconomic characteristics that influence the amount of inputs used. Application of fertilizers differed also between fields within farms and tended to be greater on the fields near the homesteads in the village of Yilou, especially for organic fertilizers. At both villages, the rates of N and K inputs were insufficient to compensate for their respective output rates, leading to negative partial nutrient balances . The existence of patchworks of soil fertility gives rise to a wide variation in crop responses to fertilizers. Exploitable yield gaps were substantial and to a large extent related to the low fertility status of soils and sub-optimal fertilizer applications. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Rendement des cultures, Plante de culture, Fertilité du sol, Exploitation agricole, Typologie, Type de sol, Substance nutritive, Fertilisation, Savane

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique occidentale, Burkina Faso, Zone soudano-sahélienne

Classification Agris : P35 - Soil fertility
F01 - Crops
F04 - Fertilizing

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Diarisso Tidiane, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA)
  • Corbeels Marc, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (BRA)
  • Andrieu Nadine, CIRAD-ES-UMR INNOVATION (FRA)
  • Djamen Patrice, ACT (BFA)
  • Douzet Jean-Marie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (BFA) ORCID: 0000-0002-8401-6012
  • Tittonell Pablo, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (NLD)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/576351/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-06-20 ]