The PISA grammar decodes diverse human–environment approaches

Bousquet François, Robbins P., Peloquin C., Bonato Olivier. 2015. The PISA grammar decodes diverse human–environment approaches. Global Environmental Change, 34 : pp. 159-171.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES / Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES / Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : GEOGRAPHY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : Human–environment interactions are studied by several groups of scholars who have elaborated different approaches to describe, analyze, and explain these interactions, and eventually propose paths for management. The SETER project (Socio-Ecological Theories and Empirical Research) analyzed and compared how “flag-holders” of distinct school of thought in human–environment scholarship approached a number of empirical problems of environmental management. This paper presents the findings from this experiment by concentrating on how representatives of four schools of thought approached one of these case studies: the plant health crisis in greenhouse tomato production in south of France. Our analysis suggests that these approaches share a common conceptual vocabulary composed of four explanatory elements of change (Power, Incentives, System and Adaptation-PISA). We argue that what distinguishes these schools from one another is the syntax—the “rules” by which researchers in each of the sub-disciplines tend to organize the components of this shared conceptual vocabulary. In other words, the schools under scrutiny are differentiated not so much by what they speak of, but rather in what order, or hierarchy, do they tend to rank the importance and/or the sequence of each of these concepts in human–environment explanations. The results of our experiment support the view that communication and cooperation across the diverse human–environment traditions is possible and productive. At the same time, however, we argue that it is the distinctiveness of the claims yielded by these different schools of thought that augment our collective understanding of complex socio-ecological problems. Attempts to integrate these perspectives in one unitary approach would undermine the intellectual wealth necessary to meet the challenges of the Anthropocene. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés libres : Explanatory elements of change, Adaptation, Resilience, System, Power, Disciplines, Social and ecological systems

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
E50 - Rural sociology
000 - Other themes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bousquet François, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-4552-3724
  • Robbins P., University of Wisconsin (USA)
  • Peloquin C., University of Arizona (USA)
  • Bonato Olivier, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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