Finding the right compromise between productivity and environmental efficiency on high input tropical dairy farms: A case study

Berre David, Blancard Stéphane, Boussemart Jean-Philippe, Leleu Hervé, Tillard Emmanuel. 2014. Finding the right compromise between productivity and environmental efficiency on high input tropical dairy farms: A case study. Journal of Environmental Management, 146 : pp. 235-244.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : This study focused on the trade-off between milk production and its environmental impact on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and nitrogen surplus in a high input tropical system. We first identified the objectives of the three main stakeholders in the dairy sector (farmers, a milk cooperative and environmentalists). The main aim of the farmers and cooperative's scenarios was to increase milk production without additional environmental deterioration but with the possibility of increasing the inputs for the cooperative. The environmentalist's objective was to reduce environmental deterioration. Second, we designed a sustainable intensification scenario combining maximization of milk production and minimization of environmental impacts. Third, the objectives for reducing the eco-inefficiency of dairy systems in Reunion Island were incorporated in a framework for activity analysis, which was used to model a technological approach with desirable and undesirable outputs. Of the four scenarios, the sustainable intensification scenario produced the best results, with a potential decrease of 238 g CO2-e per liter of milk (i.e. a reduction of 13.93% compared to the current level) and a potential 7.72 L increase in milk produced for each kg of nitrogen surplus (i.e. an increase of 16.45% compared to the current level). These results were based on the best practices observed in Reunion Island and optimized manure management, crop–livestock interactions, and production processes. Our results also showed that frontier efficiency analysis can shed new light on the challenge of developing sustainable intensification in high input tropical dairy systems. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Production laitière, Intensification, Impact sur l'environnement, Évaluation de l'impact, Gaz à effet de serre, Azote, Excédent, Efficacité, Productivité, Développement durable, Méthode d'élevage, Modélisation environnementale, Modèle mathématique, Système de production

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion

Classification Agris : L01 - Animal husbandry
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Berre David, IESEG School of Management (FRA)
  • Blancard Stéphane, AgroSup Dijon (FRA)
  • Boussemart Jean-Philippe, IESEG School of Management (FRA)
  • Leleu Hervé, IESEG School of Management (FRA)
  • Tillard Emmanuel, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (REU)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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