Generation of reactive oxidative species from thermal treatment of sugar solutions

Wang Qingyang, Durand Erwann, Elias Ryan J., Tikekar Rohan V.. 2016. Generation of reactive oxidative species from thermal treatment of sugar solutions. Food Chemistry, 196 : pp. 301-308.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : CHEMISTRY, APPLIED / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : NUTRITION & DIETETICS

Abstract : Sugars, prominently fructose, have been shown to accelerate the degradation of food components during thermal treatment. Yet, the mechanism by which this occurs is not well understood. Fructose and glucose have been reported to undergo autoxidation to generate reactive oxidative species (ROS) under physiological conditions; however, information on ROS generation during thermal treatment is limited. We observed that hydrogen peroxide was generated during thermal treatment (up to 70 °C) of aqueous solutions of fructose and glucose (up to 10% w/v), with significantly higher concentrations observed in fructose solutions. The rate of generation of hydrogen peroxide increased with temperature, pH, oxygen concentration and the presence of phosphate buffer. Singlet oxygen was also detected in fructose and glucose solutions prepared in phosphate buffer. Results of this study indicated that fructose and glucose undergo oxidation during thermal treatment resulting in generation of ROS that may have deleterious effects on food components.

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : États-Unis

Classification Agris : Q02 - Food processing and preservation
Q54 - Feed composition

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Wang Qingyang, University of Maryland (USA)
  • Durand Erwann, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR IATE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0306-8081
  • Elias Ryan J., University Park (USA)
  • Tikekar Rohan V., University of Maryland (USA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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