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Wood specific gravity within tree trunk variation: the case study of Legumes representatives in French Guiana

Lehnebach Romain, Morel Hélène, Amusant Nadine, Griffon Sébastien, Barczi Jean-François, Beauchêne Jacques, Nicolini Eric-André. 2015. Wood specific gravity within tree trunk variation: the case study of Legumes representatives in French Guiana. . Tervuren : International Association of Wood Anatomists, Résumé, 1 p. Wood science underpinning tropical forest ecology and management, Tervuren, Belgique, 26 May 2015/29 May 2015.

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Abstract-Tervuren2.pdf

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Autre titre : Wood specific gravity variations within tree trunk: the case study of Legumes representatives in French Guiana

Matériel d'accompagnement : 1 diaporama (23 vues)

Abstract : Over the past decade, much attention has been devoted to the development of forest biomass estimation methods at a stand scale, leading to the establishment of allometric models (Chave, et al. 2014). These allometric equations use a unique wood specific gravity value (WSG) per species, but neglect the within tree variations of WSG found by others (Wiemann & Williamson, 1989). The main objectives of this study are to (1) illustrate the diversity of radial and vertical patterns of WSG variation within tree trunks belonging to different ecological groups (from pioneer to sciaphilic species) and to (2) develop an estimation method of trunk biomass taking into account WSG variations. We sampled 33 young trees (10<DBH<15cm) at the Paracou field station in French Guiana, belonging to 15 Legumes species, and to different ecological groups according to light. WSG radial profiles were measured at 3 heights along the trunk of each tree. We observed different radial (from pith to bark) and longitudinal (from bottom to top) patterns of WSG variation. Pioneers and heliophilic species show both radial and longitudinal increases in WSG, while shade-tolerant and sciaphilic species show the reverse pattern. Hemi-tolerant species show an intermediate pattern, with WSG increasing radially, but decreasing or increasing longitudinally. Thus, combinations of both radial and longitudinal patterns differentiate the different ecological groups and their growth strategies. We also developed a biomass model, implemented under Xplo software (Griffon, et al. 2011) to infer trunk biomass from WSG profiles, allowing comparisons of both single- and varying-WSG model. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés libres : Density, Intra-tree, Legumes, French Guiana

Classification Agris : K10 - Forestry production
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
U30 - Research methods

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lehnebach Romain, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (GUF)
  • Morel Hélène, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (GUF)
  • Amusant Nadine, CIRAD-ES-UMR Ecofog (GUF)
  • Griffon Sébastien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (FRA)
  • Barczi Jean-François, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (FRA)
  • Beauchêne Jacques, CIRAD-ES-UMR Ecofog (GUF) ORCID: 0000-0003-4578-3670
  • Nicolini Eric-André, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (GUF)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/578848/)

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