Mycorrhizal plant facilitation: a promising key tool for nickel mine site ecological restoration in Madagascar and New Caledonia

Ducousso Marc, Henry Charline, Houles Anne, Razafimamonjy Angélo, Andrianaivomahefa Paul, Leveau Antoine, Hannibal Laure, Carriconde Fabian, Ramanankierana Heriniaina, Lebrun Michel, Selosse Marc-André, Jourand Philippe. 2015. Mycorrhizal plant facilitation: a promising key tool for nickel mine site ecological restoration in Madagascar and New Caledonia. In : Role of mycorrhizal fungi in the natural regeneration, sustainable management and biodiversity of Dipterocarp forests in South-Est Asia. FORDA, Ministère des affaires étrangères, CIRAD LSTM, IRD. Kuala Lumpur : LSTM-BioAsia, Résumé, p. 8. BioAsia Mycodipt Workshop. 2, Kuala Lumpur, Malaisie, 13 October 2015/15 October 2015.

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Abstract : Mycorrhizal symbiosis plays a key role in plant growth and development, especially in harsh contexts, where it may intervene in the facilitation process between plants. Madagascar and New Caledonia are considered as hot spot of biodiversity at plant level. Ecological restoration in these unique environments is challenging and facilitation constitutes a promising tool to succeed ecosystem reclamation. As mycorrhizal fungi can be associated with several plant species, one plant can facilitate the establishment of another by providing fungal inoculum in the form of already established and supported mycelia. Such a facilitation implies, however, that plants share a large and frequent portion of their ectomycorrhizal fungal partners. We characterized ectomycorrhizal communities on nickel and cobalt mining sites in Madagascar and New Caledonia to identify facilitator plants usable in ecological restoration technical itineraries. In Madagascar, four ectomycorrhizal tree species: Asteropeia mcphersonii, Leptolaena sp., Rhodolaena bakeriana, Sarcolaena sp. and Uapaca sp. locally dominate the canopy. In the wild, we demonstrate that these trees share most of their ectomycorrhizal partners, independent of tree age (adult or seedling). Following original ecosystem destruction, the only species spontaneously regenerating is A. macphersonii, making this species a candidate for its use as facilitator. In New Caledonia extreme soil constraints (heavy metal toxicities (Ni, Co, Mn, Cr), Ca/Mg unbalance ratio by Mg excess, nutrient (N, P, K) paucity and iron oxides (> 90%) excess), enable only a few planted species to grow after ecosystem destruction. Among them, we demonstrate that Acacia spirorbis shares most of its ectomycorrhizal fungal partners with endemic Tristaniopsis spp. (Myrtaceae) dominant species in some chaparrals, and it is now tested as facilitator within a set of field trials in the Koniambo massif. We demonstrate that facilitation is promising for successful ecological restoration of mine sites. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : P36 - Soil erosion, conservation and reclamation
P34 - Soil biology
P02 - Pollution
000 - Other themes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ducousso Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA)
  • Henry Charline, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA)
  • Houles Anne, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA)
  • Razafimamonjy Angélo, Ambatovy (MDG)
  • Andrianaivomahefa Paul, Ambatovy (MDG)
  • Leveau Antoine, Koniambo Nickel SAS (NCL)
  • Hannibal Laure, IRD (FRA)
  • Carriconde Fabian, IAC (NCL)
  • Ramanankierana Heriniaina, CNRE [Centre National de Recherches sur l'Environnement] (MDG)
  • Lebrun Michel, Université de Montpellier (FRA)
  • Selosse Marc-André, MNHN (FRA)
  • Jourand Philippe, IRD (FRA)

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