Effect of starter cultures on various classes of fatty acids in Sudanese fermented camel milk (Camelus dromedarius) gariss

Ahmed Adam Ismail, Mohamed Babiker Elwasila, Yousif Nuha Mohamed Elkhatim, Faye Bernard, Loiseau Gérard. 2016. Effect of starter cultures on various classes of fatty acids in Sudanese fermented camel milk (Camelus dromedarius) gariss. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 28 (5) : pp. 353-358.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q4, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Abstract : The objective of this research was to study the variation of classes of fatty acids in gariss (fermented camel milk) prepared under controlled conditions (starter cultures and time of fermentation). Inoculations of raw camel milk with selected LAB strains (E. duransR03, E.faecium NWL and L. plantarum BJ6 and their combination as well as the control - fermentation without starter cultures) was performed at varying periods of time (zero, 3, 6, 9 and 12h) at ambient temperature, then the role of these conditions on fatty acids classes were studied. Camel milk fermented under starter-culture controlled conditions contained unsaturated fatty acids, including the essential fatty acids. Considerable amounts of omega3 and omega6 fatty acids and the absence or presence of low amounts of short chain fatty acids were found compared to cow milk. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Lait de chamelle, lait fermenté, Composition des aliments, Acide gras, Culture starter, Fermentation, Enterococcus, Lactobacillus plantarum, Dromadaire, Acide gras insaturé, Acide gras saturé, Acide gras essentiel

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Soudan

Mots-clés complémentaires : Camelus dromedarius, Souche (organisme)

Mots-clés libres : Starter, Enterococcus, Fatty acids, Lab strains

Classification Agris : Q02 - Food processing and preservation
Q04 - Food composition

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ahmed Adam Ismail, University of Kordofan (SDN)
  • Mohamed Babiker Elwasila, University of Khartoum (SDN)
  • Yousif Nuha Mohamed Elkhatim, University of Khartoum (SDN)
  • Faye Bernard, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (FRA)
  • Loiseau Gérard

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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