Burkholderia novacaledonica sp. nov. and B. ultramafica sp. nov. isolated from roots of Costularia spp. pioneer plants of ultramafic soils in New Caledonia

Guentas Linda, Gensous Simon, Cavaloc Yvon, Ducousso Marc, Amir Hamid, De Georges de Ledenon Benjamin, Moulin Lionel, Jourand Philippe. 2016. Burkholderia novacaledonica sp. nov. and B. ultramafica sp. nov. isolated from roots of Costularia spp. pioneer plants of ultramafic soils in New Caledonia. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 39 (3) : pp. 151-159.

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Abstract : The taxonomic status of eleven rhizospheric bacterial strains belonging to the genus Burkholderia and isolated from roots of Costularia (Cyperaceae), tropical herbaceous pioneer plants growing on ultramafic soils in New Caledonia, was investigated using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The genetic analyses (16S rRNA genes, gyrB, recA, nreB and cnr) confirmed that all strains are Burkholderia and cluster into two separated groups. The DNA hybridization results showed low relatedness values to the closest relatives Burkholderia species. The phenotypic analyses confirmed that the two groups of strains could be differentiated from each other and from other known Burkholderia species. This polyphasic study revealed that these two groups of strains represent each a novel species of Burkholderia, for which the names Burkholderia novacaledonica sp. nov. (type strain STM10272T = LMG28615T = CIP110887T) and B. ultramafica sp. nov. (type strain STM10279T = LMG28614T = CIP110886T) are proposed, respectively. These strains of Burkholderia presented specific ecological traits such as the tolerance to the extreme edaphic constraints of ultramafic soils: they grew at pH between 4 and 8 and tolerate the strong unbalanced Ca/Mg ratio (1/19) and the high concentrations of heavy metals i.e. Co, Cr, Mn and Ni. Noteworthy B. ultramafica tolerated nickel until 10 mM and B. novacaledonica up to 5 mM. The presence of the nickel (nreB) and cobalt/nickel (cnr) resistance determinants encoding for protein involved in metal tolerance was found in all strains of both groups. Moreover, most of the strains were able to produce plant growth promoting molecules (ACC, IAA, NH3 and siderophores). Such ecological traits suggest that these new species of Burkholderia might be environmentally adaptable plant-associated bacteria and beneficial to plants. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Rhizobactérie, Burkholderiaceae, flore bactérienne, Flore du sol, Cyperaceae, Mycorhization, Type de sol chimique, Métal lourd, Tolérance, Adaptation, Génétique des populations, Résistance génétique, Variation génétique, Taxonomie, Facteur édaphique, Biodiversité, Nickel, Cobalt, Récupération des sols

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Nouvelle-Calédonie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Burkholderia, Burkholderia novacaledonica, Burkholderia ultramafica, Costularia, Terrain minier, Souche (organisme)

Mots-clés libres : Burkholderia novacaledonica, Burkholderia ultramafica, Costularia, Ultramafic soils, New Caledonia

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography
F40 - Plant ecology
P36 - Soil erosion, conservation and reclamation
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Guentas Linda, UNC (NCL)
  • Gensous Simon, UNC (NCL)
  • Cavaloc Yvon, UNC (NCL)
  • Ducousso Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA)
  • Amir Hamid, UNC (NCL)
  • De Georges de Ledenon Benjamin, Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle-Calédonie (NCL)
  • Moulin Lionel, IRD (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9068-6912
  • Jourand Philippe, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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