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The emblematic “Captaincookia” in New Caledonia (Rubiaceae), a divergent Ixora species showing adaptive variability from humid to sclerophyll forests

Mouly Arnaud, Deroin Thierry, Verhaegen Daniel, Munzinger Jérôme. 2016. The emblematic “Captaincookia” in New Caledonia (Rubiaceae), a divergent Ixora species showing adaptive variability from humid to sclerophyll forests. Plant Ecology and Evolution, 149 (1) : pp. 112-122.

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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Molecular results show that the genetic distances between and within Ixora margaretae dry and humid stands vary similarly. Accordingly, humid stands are interpreted as a part of the broad newly delimited I. margaretae, occurring in fragmented habitats. Morpho-anatomical data show that several features, such as the bark types, the individual height, and the fruit fleshiness result from genetic variability expressed under environmental constraints. However, other features are interpreted as acclimatisation of populations to local conditions, such as the convergent erected receptaculum pollinis for dry and humid stands, obtain by two different anatomical processes. All data suggest that I. margaretae is a species showing genetic isolation and relative adaptations to environments of populations in both humid and sclerophyll forests. This illustrates potential ongoing speciation processes for several populations in both forest types. A scenario showing the successive habitat modifications from humid to sclerophyll forests that can explain the persistence of the species in sclerophyll areas is proposed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Ixora, Rubiaceae, Fleur, Anatomie végétale, Morphologie végétale, Polymorphisme génétique, Génotype, Marqueur génétique, Biologie moléculaire, Adaptation, forêt tropicale, Écologie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Nouvelle-Calédonie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Captaincookia, Doricera, Ixora margaretae, Versteegia

Mots-clés libres : Adaptation, Ecology, Floral anatomy, Forest, Genetics, IXORA, Morphology, New Caledonia, Rubiaceae

Classification Agris : F50 - Plant structure
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F40 - Plant ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Mouly Arnaud, Université de Franche-Comté (FRA)
  • Deroin Thierry, Université de Franche-Comté (FRA)
  • Verhaegen Daniel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (MDG)
  • Munzinger Jérôme, IRD (NCL)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/580433/)

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