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Multidisciplinary approaches shed light on biosynthesis and unusual structural features of the antimicrobial hybrid NRPS/PKS-synthesized albicidin

Cociancich Stéphane, Pesic Alexander, Petras Daniel, Duplan Sandrine, Hempel Benjamin, Hügelland Manuela, Kemper Sebastien, Kerwat Dennis, Kretz Julian, Mainz Andi, Marguerettaz Mélanie, Noëll Julie, Pieretti Isabelle, Schubert Vivien, Semsary Siamak, Uhlmann Stefanie, Vieweg Laura, Von Eckardstein Leonard, Rott Philippe, Royer Monique, Süssmuth Roderich. 2016. Multidisciplinary approaches shed light on biosynthesis and unusual structural features of the antimicrobial hybrid NRPS/PKS-synthesized albicidin. In : Towards an integrated view of AMP diversity, functions and applications. CNRS, IFREMER, Université de Montpellier, Université de Perpignan. Montpellier : s.n., p. 15. AMP2016 - Antimicrobial Peptide Symposium. 5, Montpellier, France, 6 June 2016/8 June 2016.

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Additional Information : Stéphane Cociancich est l'expert invité du Cirad.

Abstract : Albicidin is a potent DNA gyrase inhibitor produced by the sugarcane pathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas albilineans. It blocks the d ifferentiation of chloroplasts, resulting in appearance of narrow white stripes on sugarcane leaves that are characteristic of leaf scald d isease. Albicidin targets the bacterial gyrase by a mechanism that is different from the one of any other known DNA gyrases inhibitors [l]. It exhibits antibacterial activity at nanomolar concentrations against Escherichia coli and to a lower extent aga inst numerous human pathogenic bacteria [2]. A decade of intense work was necessary to decipher a lbicid in's biosynthetic pathway and to elucidate its astonishing never-seen-before structure. Albicidin is produced by a hybrid PKS/NRPS system. Such ribosome-independent systems cons ist of modular megasynthetases which operate in an assembly-line fashion to activate, modify and link mostly unusual aminoacid build ing blocks, fina lly resulting in complex bioactive peptide-like molecules. The structure of albicidin, which was predicted by fo rmer in silico sequence a nalyses of its PKS/ NRPS gene cluster [3], was ascertained by means of mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. We demonstrated that a lbicidin exhibits a linear polyaromatic penta-peptidic structure containing the rare aminoacids para-aminobenzoate a nd cyanoalanine [4]. Insights into biosynthesis and structure of natural a nalogues of al bicidin will also be presented [5]. The determination of the structure of albicidin allowed the development of a protocol for the chemical synthesis of this complex molecule [6]. Consequently, new research, such as structureactivity relationship studies, will now be possible. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : Q60 - Processing of non-food or non-feed agricultural products
000 - Autres thèmes
H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Cociancich Stéphane, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Pesic Alexander, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Petras Daniel, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Duplan Sandrine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Hempel Benjamin, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Hügelland Manuela, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Kemper Sebastien, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Kerwat Dennis, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Kretz Julian, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Mainz Andi, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Marguerettaz Mélanie
  • Noëll Julie
  • Pieretti Isabelle, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Schubert Vivien, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Semsary Siamak, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Uhlmann Stefanie, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Vieweg Laura, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Von Eckardstein Leonard, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)
  • Rott Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6085-6159
  • Royer Monique, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Süssmuth Roderich, Technische Universitaet Berlin (DEU)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/580815/)

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