Genetic diversification and dispersal of taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott)

Chaïr Hâna, Traore Renan, Duval Marie-France, Rivallan Ronan, Mukherjee Archana, Aboagye L.M., Van Rensburg J., Andrianavalona V., Pinheiro de Carvalho Miguel A.A., Saborio F., Sri Prana M., Komolong B., Lawac Floriane, Lebot Vincent. 2016. Genetic diversification and dispersal of taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott). PloS One, 11 (6):e0157712, 19 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : Taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott) is widely distributed in tropical and sub-tropical areas. However, its origin, diversification and dispersal remain unclear. While taro genetic diversity has been documented at the country and regional levels in Asia and the Pacific, few reports are available from Americas and Africa where it has been introduced through human migrations. We used eleven microsatellite markers to investigate the diversity and diversification of taro accessions from nineteen countries in Asia, the Pacific, Africa and America. The highest genetic diversity and number of private alleles were observed in Asian accessions, mainly from India. While taro has been diversified in Asia and the Pacific mostly via sexual reproduction, clonal reproduction with mutation appeared predominant in African and American countries investigated. Bayesian clustering revealed a first genetic group of diploids from the Asia-Pacific region and to a second diploid-triploid group mainly from India. Admixed cultivars between the two genetic pools were also found. In West Africa, most cultivars were found to have originated from India. Only one multi-locus lineage was assigned to the Asian pool, while cultivars in Madagascar originated from India and Indonesia. The South African cultivars shared lineages with Japan. The Caribbean Islands cultivars were found to have originated from the Pacific, while in Costa Rica they were from India or admixed between Indian and Asian groups. Taro dispersal in the different areas of Africa and America is thus discussed in the light of available records of voyages and settlements. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Colocasia esculenta, Variation génétique, Distribution géographique, Marqueur génétique, Microsatellite, Génétique des populations, Histoire naturelle

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Monde, Afrique, Asie, Amériques, Océan pacifique

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Traore Renan, Université de Ouagadougou (BFA)
  • Duval Marie-France, CIRAD-DGDRD-DRAG (MTQ)
  • Rivallan Ronan, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Mukherjee Archana, CTCRI (IND)
  • Aboagye L.M., CSIR (GHA)
  • Van Rensburg J., ARC (ZAF)
  • Andrianavalona V., FOFIFA (MDG)
  • Pinheiro de Carvalho Miguel A.A., University of Madeira (PRT)
  • Saborio F., UCR (CRI)
  • Sri Prana M., LIPI (IDN)
  • Komolong B., NARI (PNG)
  • Lawac Floriane, VARTC (VUT)
  • Lebot Vincent, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (VUT)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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