Impact of blanching, sweating and drying operations on pungency, aroma and color of Piper borbonense

Weil Mathieu, Shum Cheong Sing Alain, Méot Jean-Michel, Boulanger Renaud, Bohuon Philippe. 2017. Impact of blanching, sweating and drying operations on pungency, aroma and color of Piper borbonense. Food Chemistry, 219 : pp. 274-281.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : CHEMISTRY, APPLIED / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : NUTRITION & DIETETICS

Abstract : Low pungency, high aromatic potential and red color, give to Piper borbonense its originality when compared to Piper nigrum. Effects of blanching, sweating and drying on these characteristics were assessed. The three operations had no impact on the concentration of piperine and essential oil but affected the composition of essential oil slightly and considerably affected the color of the pepper. The “wet process”, including blanching, sweating and drying, had the largest impact on the composition of aroma, increasing para-cymene content by 89% and reducing safrole content by 33% in dried pepper compared to fresh. Blanching increased the drying rate thus reducing drying time. Drying had a major impact on color, which changed from red to brown. The biggest differences observed led to reductions of 2.2, 7.9 and 8.4 units in L∗, a∗ and b∗ values, when chromatic values measured in fresh pepper were compared to those of dried pepper. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Poivre, Piper, Technologie alimentaire, Blanchiment, Séchage, Cuisson, Composé de la flaveur, Couleur, Flaveur, Teneur en lipides, Huile essentielle, Oxydation, Alcaloïde, Plante sauvage

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion

Mots-clés complémentaires : Piper borbonense

Mots-clés libres : Processing, Pepper, Piperine, Essential oil, Color

Classification Agris : Q02 - Food processing and preservation
Q04 - Food composition
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Weil Mathieu, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (REU)
  • Shum Cheong Sing Alain, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Méot Jean-Michel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Boulanger Renaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9396-5634
  • Bohuon Philippe, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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