Can uplanders and lowlanders share land and water services? (A case study in Central Java Indonesia)

Andriyani I., Jourdain Damien, Shivakoti Ganesh Prasad, Lidon Bruno, Kartiwa Budi. 2017. Can uplanders and lowlanders share land and water services? (A case study in Central Java Indonesia). In : Redefining diversity and dynamics of natural resources management in Asia: sustainable natural resources management in dynamic Asia, Volume 1. Ganesh Shivakoti (ed.), Ujjwal Pradhan (ed.), Helmi Helmi (ed.). Amsterdam : Elsevier, pp. 321-330. ISBN 978-0-12-805454-3

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Abstract : This study tried to find a feasible method of role and management sharing of natural resources among natural resources users both upstream and downstream of a watershed. The case study was upstream of three subwatersheds in Central Java Indonesia, named Samba, Soka, and Pusur Watersheds. We found the problems of water shortage experienced by farmers in downstream areas were caused by (1) reduced discharge of water from the Pusur River; (2) increased sedimentation in rivers and irrigation infrastructure; (3) extensive damage to infrastructure, especially intake gate water upstream of the irrigation system; and (4) increased extraction of water for urban areas and private companies. Problems (1) and (2) are related to land use and land cover changes in the upper area; problem (3) is related to irrigation network management; and problem (4) is influenced by social and economic aspects. To tackle this problem, one or two alternative solutions can be used: decreasing water demand or increasing water supply. The Payment for Environmental Services method seems promising to implement in a watershed that has conflicts both upstream and downstream environment users.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Ressource en eau, Gestion des ressources, Gestion des eaux, Gestion foncière, Ressource en sol, Ressource foncière, gestion des ressources naturelles, Étude de cas, Irrigation, Utilisation de l'eau, Utilisation des terres, Couverture végétale, services écosystémiques, Bassin versant, Eau disponible

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Java

Mots-clés libres : Watershed management, Natural resources, Water, Soil

Classification Agris : P10 - Water resources and management
E11 - Land economics and policies
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Andriyani I., University of Jember (IDN)
  • Jourdain Damien, CIRAD-ES-UMR G-EAU (THA)
  • Shivakoti Ganesh Prasad, AIT (THA)
  • Lidon Bruno
  • Kartiwa Budi, IAHRI (IDN)

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