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Isolation of Bartonella henselae, Bartonella koehlerae subsp. koehlerae, Bartonella koehlerae subsp. bothieri and a new subspecies of B. koehlerae from free-ranging lions (Panthera leo) from South Africa, cheetahs (Acinonyx jubata) from Namibia and captive cheetahs from California

Molia Sophie, Kasten Rickie W., Stuckey Matthew J., Boulouis Henri-Jean, Allen J., Borgo Gina M., Koehler Jane E., Chang Chao-chin, Chomel Bruno B.. 2016. Isolation of Bartonella henselae, Bartonella koehlerae subsp. koehlerae, Bartonella koehlerae subsp. bothieri and a new subspecies of B. koehlerae from free-ranging lions (Panthera leo) from South Africa, cheetahs (Acinonyx jubata) from Namibia and captive cheetahs from California. Epidemiology and Infection, 144 (15) : pp. 3237-3243.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH (Science) / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Bartonellae are blood- and vector-borne Gram-negative bacteria, recognized as emerging pathogens. Whole-blood samples were collected from 58 free-ranging lions (Panthera leo) in South Africa and 17 cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) from Namibia. Blood samples were also collected from 11 cheetahs (more than once for some of them) at the San Diego Wildlife Safari Park. Bacteria were isolated from the blood of three (5%) lions, one (6%) Namibian cheetah and eight (73%) cheetahs from California. The lion Bartonella isolates were identified as B. henselae (two isolates) and B. koehlerae subsp. koehlerae. The Namibian cheetah strain was close but distinct from isolates from North American wild felids and clustered between B. henselae and B. koehlerae. It should be considered as a new subspecies of B. koehlerae. All the Californian semi-captive cheetah isolates were different from B. henselae or B. koehlerae subsp. koehlerae and from the Namibian cheetah isolate. They were also distinct from the strains isolated from Californian mountain lions (Felis concolor) and clustered with strains of B. koehlerae subsp. bothieri isolated from free-ranging bobcats (Lynx rufus) in California. Therefore, it is likely that these captive cheetahs became infected by an indigenous strain for which bobcats are the natural reservoir. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Bartonella, Bartonella henselae, Lynx, Felidae, zoonose, Transmission des maladies, Espèce, Identification, Taxonomie, Animal domestique, Animal sauvage, Interactions biologiques, PCR, RFLP, Biologie moléculaire, Phylogénie, Immunologie, Lion, Acinonyx jubatus, Enquête pathologique, Espèce nouvelle

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique du Sud, Namibie, Californie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Bartonella koehlerae

Mots-clés libres : Acynonyx jubatus, Bartonella henselae, Bartonella koehlerae, Cheetah, Lion, Panthera leo

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Molia Sophie, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)
  • Kasten Rickie W., UC (USA)
  • Stuckey Matthew J., UC (USA)
  • Boulouis Henri-Jean, ENVA (FRA)
  • Allen J., San Diego Zoo Safari Park (USA)
  • Borgo Gina M., UC (USA)
  • Koehler Jane E., UC (USA)
  • Chang Chao-chin, National Chung Hsing University (TWN)
  • Chomel Bruno B., UC (USA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/581867/)

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