Agritrop
Home

In vitro inhibitory effect of selected fungicides on mycelial growth of ambrosia fungus associated with the black coffee twig borer, Xylosandrus compactus Eichhoff (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Uganda

Kagezi Godfrey, Kucel Patrick, Olal Sammy, Pinard Fabrice, Seruyange Joseph, Musoli Pascal, Kangire Africano. 2015. In vitro inhibitory effect of selected fungicides on mycelial growth of ambrosia fungus associated with the black coffee twig borer, Xylosandrus compactus Eichhoff (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Uganda. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10 (23) : pp. 2322-2328.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à comité de lecture Revue en libre accès total
[img]
Preview
Published version - Anglais
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
Kagezi et al., 2015_In vitro inhibitory effect of selected fungicides on.pdf

Télécharger (430kB) | Preview

Abstract : Black coffee twig borer is a new but rapidly spreading insect pest of coffee in Uganda. Female beetles bore into primary branches/twigs and cultivate an ambrosia fungus for feeding their larvae. Thus, controlling the fungus means depriving the brood a source of food. Three fungicides, chlorothalonil (Glider), tebuconazole (Orius 25EW) and dimethomorph + mancozeb (Volar) were evaluated in vitro for their effectiveness in inhibiting mycelial growth of ambrosia fungus associated with the beetle. The pathogen was exposed to four concentrations (1.5x, 1.25x, 1.0x and 0.5x times the manufacturer recommended rate) incorporated into potato dextrose agar using inhibition and food poisoning techniques. The three fungicides inhibited fungal growth to some extent, even at the lowest concentration (0.5x) and percentage inhibition was significantly different (P≤0.05) from each other. Tebucozanole caused 100% growth inhibition irrespective of concentration and technique used while chlorothalonil and dimethomorph + mancozeb caused less than 40% inhibition for both techniques. Therefore, research should determine effectiveness of tebucozanole for suppressing fungal growth under field conditions for diminishing beetle incidence and fungal pathogenic effects in infested branches. This will pave way for integration of use of tebucozanole into overall Integrated Pest Management package (IPM) for the beetle in Uganda. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea, Xylosandrus, Fongicide, Ambrosia, Inhibiteur de croissance, Développement biologique, Expérimentation in vitro

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Ouganda

Mots-clés complémentaires : Xylosandrus compactus

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants
H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Kagezi Godfrey, COREC (UGA)
  • Kucel Patrick, COREC (UGA)
  • Olal Sammy, COREC (UGA)
  • Pinard Fabrice, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs (KEN)
  • Seruyange Joseph, Kyambogo University (UGA)
  • Musoli Pascal, COREC (UGA)
  • Kangire Africano, COREC (UGA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/582920/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-05-01 ]