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Conservation agriculture and gendered livelihoods in Northwestern Cambodia: decision-making, space and access

Sumner Daniel, Christie Maria Elisa, Boulakia Stéphane. 2017. Conservation agriculture and gendered livelihoods in Northwestern Cambodia: decision-making, space and access. Agriculture and Human Values, 34 (2) : pp. 347-362.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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2016 Sumner CA and gender in Cambodia.pdf

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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE (Science) / Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE (Social Sciences) / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRICULTURE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : SOCIOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : Smallholder farmers in Rattanakmondol District, Battambang Province, Cambodia face challenges related to soil erosion, declining yields, climate change, and unsustainable tillage-based farming practices in their efforts to increase food production within maize-based systems. In 2010, research for development programs began introducing agricultural production systems based on conservation agriculture (CA) to smallholder farmers located in four communities within Rattanakmondol District as a pathway for addressing these issues. Understanding gendered practices and perspectives is integral to adapting CA technologies to the needs of local communities. This research identifies how gender differences regarding farmers' access to assets, practices, and engagement in intra-household negotiations could constrain or facilitate the dissemination of CA. Our mixed-methods approach includes focus group discussions, semi-structured interviews, famer field visits, and a household survey. Gender differences in access to key productive assets may affect men's and women's individual ability to adapt CA. Farmers perceive the practices and technologies of CA as labor-saving, with the potential to reduce men's and women's labor burden in land-preparation activities. However, when considered in relation to the full array of productive and reproductive livelihood activities, CA can disproportionately affect men's and women's labor. Decisions about agricultural livelihoods were not always made jointly, with socio-cultural norms and responsibilities structuring an individual's ability to participate in intra-household negotiations. While gender differences in power relations affect intra-household decision-making, men and women household members collectively negotiate the transition to CA-based production systems. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : agriculture alternative, Genre (femmes/hommes), Petite exploitation agricole, Choix des espèces, Prise de décision, Crédit, accès à la terre, Mécanisation, Pratique culturale, Moyens d'existence, Niveau de vie, Adoption de l'innovation, responsabilité

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Cambodge

Mots-clés complémentaires : Agriculture de conservation

Mots-clés libres : Gender, Livelihoods, Conservation, Agriculture, Decision making, Cambodia

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
E80 - Home economics and crafts
E50 - Rural sociology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sumner Daniel, Virginia Tech (USA)
  • Christie Maria Elisa, Virginia Tech (USA)
  • Boulakia Stéphane, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (COL) ORCID: 0000-0003-4331-1207

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/583259/)

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