Agritrop
Home

Route of a multipartite nanovirus within its aphid vector. [P60]

Vernerey Marie-Stéphanie, Yvon Michel, Gargani Daniel, Blanc Stéphane. 2017. Route of a multipartite nanovirus within its aphid vector. [P60]. In : Livre des résumés des 16 ème Rencontres de virologie végétale. CIRAD, CNRS, INRA, IRD, SFP. Aussois : CIRAD-CNRS, p. 121. Rencontres de virologie végétale, Aussois, France, 15 January 2017/19 January 2017.

Poster
[img] Published version - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
ID583291.pdf

Télécharger (515kB)

Abstract : Nanoviruses are multipartite ssDNA viruses transmitted by aphid vectors. Their mode of transmission is believed to be of the circulative non-propagative type [1, 2], but a recent analysis of the relative frequency of the distinct genome segments in aphids versus in plants indicated a more complex relationship [3]. Previous microscopy studies using immunofluorescence against the coat protein of Banana bunshy top virus (BBTV) confirmed that the virus is detected solely in gut and principal salivary gland cells of its aphid vector Pentalonia nigronervosa [4]. However, the subcellular localization and the cell compartment(s) with which the virus associates during transcytosis could not be determined [5]. Another unresolved question is whether, as demonstrated in monopartite viruses, nanoviruses are submitted to strong bottleneck during aphid transmission (see the abstract by Romain Gallet). In that case, when the virus particles traverse cellular barrier, different particles containing different segments may be separated, increasing the chance of loosing genomic information (loosing segments) and thus aborting transmission. We have revisited the cycle of a nanovirus, the Faba bean necrotic stunt virus, within the body of its aphid vector, Acyrthosiphon pisum, using a combination of FISH (Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization), immunolabelling, confocal and electron microscopy. FISH labeling of viral DNA indicates that the virus massively accumulates in all cells of the midgut but is virtually absent in all other regions of the gut. At the salivary glands, the virus is very much restricted not only to the principal salivary glands but also to a single cell type within these glands. No signal could ever be detected in any other organ. When using DNA-FISH probes specific to distinct segments, we could demonstrate that all segments are always colocalized within the midgut, and to a lesser extent also within the salivary gland cells. This observation contrasts with the situation in infected plant cells (see abstract from Anne Sicard), and indicate that the size of the viral population traversing cellular barriers within the aphid is often sufficiently large to prevent the loss of rare genome segments. Finally, we have indication that the genome segment N controls internalization of the virus within aphid gut cells. We currently investigate the subcellular compartment with which the virus associates, and the mode of action of the NSP protein (product of gene N). (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Vernerey Marie-Stéphanie, INRA (FRA)
  • Yvon Michel, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)
  • Gargani Daniel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Blanc Stéphane, INRA (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/583291/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2019-10-04 ]