A critical comparison of conventional, certified, and community management of tropical forests for timber in terms of environmental, economic, and social variables

Burivalova Zuzana, Hua Fangyuan, Koh Lian Pin, Garcia Claude, Putz Francis E.. 2017. A critical comparison of conventional, certified, and community management of tropical forests for timber in terms of environmental, economic, and social variables. Conservation Letters, 10 (1) : pp. 4-14.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : Tropical forests are crucial in terms of biodiversity and ecosystem services, but at the same time, they are major sources of revenue and provide livelihoods for forest-dependent people. Hopes for the simultaneous achievement of conservation goals and poverty alleviation are therefore increasingly placed on forests used for timber extraction. Most timber exploitation is carried out unsustainably, which causes forest degradation. Two important mechanisms have emerged to promote sustainable forest management: certification and community-based forest management (CFM). We synthesize the published information about how forest certification and CFM perform in terms of environmental, social, and economic variables. With the caveat that very few published studies meet the standards for formal impact evaluation, we found that certification has substantial environmental benefits, typically achieved at a cost of reduced short-term financial profit, and accompanied by some improvement to the welfare of neighboring communities. We found that the economic and environmental benefits of CFM are understudied, but that the social impacts are controversial, with both positive and negative changes reported. We identify the trade-offs that likely caused these conflicting results and that, if addressed, would help both CFM and certification deliver the hoped-for benefits. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Forêt, forêt tropicale, Biodiversité, Aménagement forestier, gestion des ressources naturelles, approches participatives, approches communautaires, Communauté rurale, certification des forêts, Participation communautaire, Décentralisation, Moyens d'existence durables, Revenu complémentaire, Impact sur l'environnement, Développement durable, Législation de l'environnement, Économie forestière, Abattage d'arbres, Déboisement, protection de la forêt, Exploitation forestière

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique, Asie, Amérique latine

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K70 - Forest injuries and protection
E50 - Rural sociology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Burivalova Zuzana, Princeton University (USA)
  • Hua Fangyuan, Princeton University (USA)
  • Koh Lian Pin, University of Adelaide (AUS)
  • Garcia Claude, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (CHE) ORCID: 0000-0002-7351-0226
  • Putz Francis E., University of Florida (USA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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