Heteroptera and plant Trypanosomatids (Phvtamanas spp.)

Dollet Michel. 2016. Heteroptera and plant Trypanosomatids (Phvtamanas spp.). In : Vector-mediated transmission of plant pathogens. Brown Judith K. (ed.). Saint Paul : APS Press, pp. 379-397. ISBN 978-0-89054-535-5

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Abstract : Plant trypanosomes have never been at the forefront of plant pathology matters. Even today, they hold only a marginal place among plant pathogens. There are two main reasons for this isolation: (1) the diseases caused by trypanosomes are confined to northern Latin America and the southern Caribbean; and (2) they affect only a small number of cultivated plants. It can also be added that the outbreak of one such disease, on coffee in a small country, Suriname (a Dutch colony at the time), became a real problem only during 1930–1950, a time during which the economic effects of World War II were at least as important, if not more important, to the coffee industry, and the publications concerning the outbreak were in German. Finally, because it was impossible at the time to isolate these organisms and culture them in vitro, the scientific community, including plant pathologists and parasitologists, lost interest in them. In this chapter we shall see that plant trypanosomes are of great interest in different respects, including parasitology, the evolution of members of Trypanosomatidae, parasite biology, plant pathology, transmission and insect vectors, and epidemiology. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Trypanosomose, Maladie des plantes, Phytomonas, Taxonomie, Vecteur de maladie, Insecta, Heteroptera, Transmission des maladies, Biologie, Épidémiologie, Éthologie, Plante de culture, Coffea, Plante fruitière, Solanum lycopersicum, Zea mays, Relation hôte parasite, Parasitologie, Évolution

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Amérique latine, Caraïbes, Monde

Mots-clés complémentaires : Trypanosomatidae

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Dollet Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR RPB (FRA)

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