Fall armyworm migration across the Lesser Antilles and the potential for genetic exchanges between North and South American populations

Nagoshi Rod N., Fleischer Shelby, Meagher Robert L., Hay-Roe Mirian, Khan Ayub, Murúa M. Gabirela, Silvie Pierre, Vergara Clorinda, Westbrook John. 2017. Fall armyworm migration across the Lesser Antilles and the potential for genetic exchanges between North and South American populations. PloS One, 12 (2):e0171743, 18 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is an important agricultural pest of the Western Hemisphere noted for its broad host range, long distance flight capabilities, and a propensity to develop resistance to pesticides that includes a subset of those used in genetically modified corn varieties. These characteristics exacerbate the threat fall armyworm poses to agriculture, with the potential that a resistance trait arising in one geographical location could rapidly disseminate throughout the hemisphere. A region of particular concern is the Caribbean, where a line of islands that extends from Florida to Venezuela provides a potential migratory pathway between populations from North and South America that could allow for consistent and substantial genetic interactions. In this study, surveys of populations from Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Trinidad & Tobago expand on previous work in South America that indicates a generally homogeneous population with respect to haplotype markers. This population differs from that found in most of the Lesser Antilles where a combination of genetic and meteorological observations is described that indicate fall armyworm migration from Puerto Rico to as far south as Barbados, but does not support significant incursion into Trinidad & Tobago and South America. Air transport projections demonstrate that the wind patterns in the Caribbean region are not conducive to consistent flight along the north-south orientation of the Lesser Antilles, supporting the conclusion that such migration is minor and sporadic, providing few opportunities for genetic exchanges. The implications of these findings on the dissemination of deleterious traits between the two Western Hemisphere continents are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Spodoptera frugiperda, Dynamique des populations, Génétique des populations, Distribution géographique, Modèle de simulation, Résistance aux insecticides, Ravageur des plantes, Migration animale, Vent, Enquête organismes nuisibles, Plante de culture, Zea mays, Plante transgénique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Caraïbes, Antilles françaises, Amérique du Sud, Amérique du Nord, Pérou, Bolivie (État plurinational de), Paraguay, Trinité-et-Tobago

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
P02 - Pollution

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Nagoshi Rod N., USDA (USA)
  • Fleischer Shelby, Pennsylvania State University (USA)
  • Meagher Robert L., USDA (USA)
  • Hay-Roe Mirian, USDA (USA)
  • Khan Ayub, UWI (TTO)
  • Murúa M. Gabirela, ITANOA (ARG)
  • Silvie Pierre, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-3406-6230
  • Vergara Clorinda, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (PER)
  • Westbrook John, USDA (USA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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