The use of weaver ants in the management of fruit flies in Africa

Vayssières Jean-François, Offenberg Joachim, Sinzogan Antonio Alain Coffi, Adandonon Appolinaire, Wargui Rosine, Anato Florence M., Houngbo Hermance, Ouagoussounon Issa, Diame Lamine, Quilici Serge, Rey Jean-Yves, Goergen Georg, De Meyer Marc, Van Mele Paul. 2016. The use of weaver ants in the management of fruit flies in Africa. In : Fruit fly research and development in Africa: Towards a sustainable management strategy to improve horticulture. Ekesi Sunday (ed.), Mohamed Samira A. (ed.), De Meyer Marc (ed.). Cham : Springer International Publishing, pp. 389-434. ISBN 978-3-319-43224-3

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Abstract : Generalist predators such as the weaver ant, Oecophylla longinoda (Latreille), play an important role as biological control agents in West African orchards and, by extension, also in forest and savanna ecosystems within sub-Saharan Africa. These weaver ants are one of the most effective and efficient predators of arthropods in perennial tropical tree crops; their presence also acts as a deterrent to insect herbivores, particularly tephritid female fruit flies, due to the semiochemicals they produce. Emerging African markets for organic and sustainably-managed fruits and nuts have encouraged an interest in the use of weaver ants. Protection of tropical forests and savannas is ecologically and environmentally crucial and also essential for the protection of O. longinoda. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oecophylla, Agent de lutte biologique, Tephritidae, Lutte biologique, Lutte antiravageur, Culture fruitière, Agroécosystème, Distribution géographique, Biologie animale, Écologie animale, Plante hôte, Dynamique des populations, Rythme circadien, forêt tropicale, Savane, Conservation des ressources, Biodiversité, Protection des plantes

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique occidentale, Afrique au sud du Sahara, Asie du Sud-Est, Australie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Oecophylla longinoda, Mouche des fruits

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants
L20 - Animal ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Vayssières Jean-François, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (BEN)
  • Offenberg Joachim, Aarhus University (DNK)
  • Sinzogan Antonio Alain Coffi, UAC (BEN)
  • Adandonon Appolinaire, Université d'Agriculture de Kétou (BEN)
  • Wargui Rosine, UAC (BEN)
  • Anato Florence M., UAC (BEN)
  • Houngbo Hermance, UAC (BEN)
  • Ouagoussounon Issa, UAC (BEN)
  • Diame Lamine, ISRA (SEN)
  • Quilici Serge, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Rey Jean-Yves, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (SEN)
  • Goergen Georg, IITA (BEN)
  • De Meyer Marc, Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale (BEL)
  • Van Mele Paul, Agro-Insight (BEL)

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