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Migration and resilience of rural households' livelihoods in the face of changing political and economic contexts: the case of South Mozambique (1900-2010)

Mercandalli Sara, Anseeuw Ward. 2017. Migration and resilience of rural households' livelihoods in the face of changing political and economic contexts: the case of South Mozambique (1900-2010). African Studies, 76 (2), n.spéc. Opening-up Mozambique: Histories of the present : pp. 221-242.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q4, Sujet : AREA STUDIES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Anthropologie-Ethnologie

Abstract : This article investigates how labour migrations of rural households from Leonzoane in Southern Mozambique have changed since the colonial period to a post-war (1992) and post-apartheid (1994) context and their links with livelihoods restructuring. It draws on a qualitative analysis of the features of labour migrations, through a sample of households on five generations. Results reveal the evolution of men's forms of mobility from longstanding circular and formal migrations to South Africa's mines, toward multi-sited, informal, and more flexible migrations into mining and other sectors. These renewed forms of mobility are a core element of households' livelihoods restructuring, as part of strategies to adapt the changing political-economic constraints of the broader globalising environment in terms of increasing informal and volatile labour conditions. The article concludes with a call for further analysis and integration of migration features in development policies. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Main d'oeuvre familiale, Migration, Ménage, Population rurale, Moyens d'existence, Politique économique, Condition de travail, Histoire, Étude de cas, Environnement socioéconomique, Politique de développement, Développement économique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mozambique, Afrique du Sud

Mots-clés libres : Labour migration, Rural households, Livelihoods, Historical perspective, Political economy, Working conditions, Mozambique, South Africa

Classification Agris : E51 - Rural population
E12 - Labour and employment
E14 - Development economics and policies
E50 - Rural sociology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 5 (2014-2018) - Action publique pour le développement

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Mercandalli Sara, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (ZAF)
  • Anseeuw Ward, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (ITA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/584560/)

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