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Functional analysis of cassiicolin, effector of the rubber tree pathogen Corynespora cassiicola. Session 4. Poster 87

Ribeiro Sébastien, Déon Marine, Tran Dinh Minh, Soumahoro Mouman, Masson Aurélien, Clément-Demange André, Pujade-Renaud Valérie. 2017. Functional analysis of cassiicolin, effector of the rubber tree pathogen Corynespora cassiicola. Session 4. Poster 87. In : Deepen Knowledge in Plant Pathology for Innovative Agro-Ecology. Book of Abstracts of the 12th European Fondation for Plant Pathology (EFPP) and the 10th French Society for Plant Pathology (SFP). EFPP, SFP. Dunkerque : EFPP-FSP, Résumé, 1 p. European Foundation for Plant Pathology Conference. 12, Dunkerque, France, 29 May 2017/2 June 2017.

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Additional Information : A l'occasion de ce congrès, s'est également déroulé la 10ème Conférence de la Société Française de Phytopathologie, du 29 mai au 2 juin 2017, Dunkerque, France

Abstract : Rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) is the main source of natural rubber around the world. In Africa and Asia, it is affected by the Corynespora Leaf Fall disease caused by the necrotrophic fungus Corynespora cassiicola. Some strains of this pathogen secrete a small protein toxin, the cassiicolin, which play a role in the early stages of disease establishment. In this study, we demonstrated the importance of cassiicoline for aggressiveness, by comparing the wild-type virulent CCP strain and the same strain deleted for the cassiicolin-encoding gene Cas1 (CCPΔCas1), in interaction with rubber tree. Deletion of Cas1 gene did not modify major functions in the CCP strain: the growth rate, conidia production and percentage of germination were found similar for both strains. The wild-type and mutated strains were compared for their virulence on different rubber clones by analyzing the extent of symptoms induced after application of conidia suspension. Only hardly detectable lesions were observed with CCPΔCas1, suggesting that cassiicolin Cas1 is an important factor of virulence in rubber tree. Moreover, the two strains were compared for filtrate toxicity over a larger range of rubber clones, by measuring the electrolyte leakages induced on detached leaves by the application of purified cassiicolin Cas1 or culture filtrate from several C. cassiicola strains (including CCP and CCPΔCas1). The filtrate of the mutated strain was on average less aggressive than the wild-type filtrate although it still generated severe symptoms on a few clones, suggesting the involvement of toxicity factors other than cassiicolin. Hierarchical clustering (clones x treatments) based on these toxicity profiles grouped CCPΔCas1 with strains of a different phylogenetic group (clade A) compared to CCP (clade C), without cassiicolin-encoding gene. These results demonstrate that, despite the production of other effectors by CCP, cassiicolin Cas1 is a major determinant of this strain controlling the virulence level in rubber tree. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ribeiro Sébastien, Université Blaise Pascal (FRA)
  • Déon Marine, Université Blaise Pascal (FRA)
  • Tran Dinh Minh, UM2 (FRA)
  • Soumahoro Mouman, SAPH (CIV)
  • Masson Aurélien, SOGB (CIV)
  • Clément-Demange André, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Pujade-Renaud Valérie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/585195/)

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