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Molecular insights into the origin of the brown rust resistance gene Bru1 among Saccharum species

Wang Heng-Bo, Chen Ping-Hua, Yang Yan-Qing, D'Hont Angélique, Lu Yun-Hai. 2017. Molecular insights into the origin of the brown rust resistance gene Bru1 among Saccharum species. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 130 (11) : pp. 2431-2443.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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s00122-017-2968-3.pdf

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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : HORTICULTURE / Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : GENETICS & HEREDITY

Abstract : Sugarcane brown rust (SBR) is an important fungal disease in many sugarcane production areas around the world, and can cause considerable yield losses in susceptible sugarcane cultivars. One major SBR resistance gene, named Bru1, initially identified from cultivar R570, was shown to be a major SBR resistance source in most of the sugarcane producing areas of the world. In this study, by using the two Bru1-associated markers, R12H16 and 9O20-F4, we surveyed the presence of Bru1 in a Chinese sugarcane germplasm collection of 387 clones, consisting of 228 hybrid cultivars bred by different Chinese sugarcane breeding establishments, 54 exotic hybrid cultivars introduced from other countries and 105 clones of sugarcane ancestral species. The Bru1-bearing haplotype was detected in 43.4% of Chinese sugarcane cultivars, 20.4% of exotic hybrid cultivars, and only 3.8% of ancestral species. Among the 33 Chinese cultivars for which phenotypes of resistance to SBR were available, Bru1 was present in 69.2% (18/26) of the resistant clones. Analyses of the allelic sequence variations of R12H16 and 9O20-F4 suggested two possible sources of Bru1 in Chinese cultivars: one from S. spontaneum and another from S. robustum of New Guinea. In addition, we developed an improved Bru1 diagnostic marker, 9O20-F4-HaeIII, which can eliminate all the false results of 9O20-F4-RsaI observed among S. spontaneum, as well as a new dominant Bru1 diagnostic marker, R12E03-2, from the BAC ShCIR12E03. Our results provide valuable information for further efforts of breeding SBR-resistant varieties, searching new SBR resistance sources and cloning of Bru1 in sugarcane. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Saccharum spontaneum, Saccharum officinarum, Résistance génétique, Gène, Marqueur génétique, Biologie moléculaire, PCR, Résistance aux maladies, Saccharum, Rouille, Puccinia melanocephala

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Chine, États-Unis, Inde, Indonésie, Thaïlande, Australie, Afrique du Sud, Brésil, France, Mexique

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Wang Heng-Bo, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (CHN)
  • Chen Ping-Hua, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (CHN)
  • Yang Yan-Qing, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (CHN)
  • D'Hont Angélique, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Lu Yun-Hai, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (CHN)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/585211/)

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