Agritrop
Home

What determine smallholders' fertilization practices during the mature period of rubber plantations in Thailand?

Chambon Bénédicte, Lai Dao Xuan, Tongkaemkaew Uraiwan, Gay Frédéric. 2018. What determine smallholders' fertilization practices during the mature period of rubber plantations in Thailand?. Experimental Agriculture, 54 (6) : pp. 824-841.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
[img] Version Online first - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
Chambon 2017 Rubber Fertilization Thailand.pdf

Télécharger (283kB) | Request a copy
[img] Published version - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
what_determine_smallholders_fertilization_practices_during_the_mature_period_of_rubber_plantations_in_thailand.pdf

Télécharger (279kB) | Request a copy

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : Fertilization of rubber plantations has been poorly documented despite the huge economic and ecological impact of this tropical perennial crop, especially in Southeast Asia. The main objective of this paper is to provide information on the fertilization practices of rubber smallholders in Thailand and to investigate the drivers of these practices. Data were sourced from individual interviews conducted with 414 rubber smallholders. The results showed that 99.4% of the mature rubber plantations were fertilized with either chemical or organic fertilizers, or both. The average dose of chemical fertilizers was 105/53/92 kg ha−1 of N/P/K that is consistent with the national recommendations. We estimated that almost two-thirds of the plantations had intensive or very intensive fertilization practices. Geographical location, especially the distinction between historical and new rubber-producing areas, appeared as a major factor explaining differences in fertilization practices. Several drivers commonly found in the literature did not affect the fertilization practices of the rubber farmers, highlighting some specificity of perennial crops and a context where access to fertilizer was not an issue. The high economic and environmental costs of intensive fertilization practices, while their benefit to the yield of rubber plantations continues to be debated, show the need to conduct research on sustainable fertilization practices in rubber smallholdings. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Fertilisation, Plantations, Hévéa, Maturité, Engrais organique, Engrais azoté, Engrais potassique, Rendement des cultures, Petite exploitation agricole, Latex, Productivité

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Thaïlande, Asie du Sud-Est

Mots-clés libres : Rubber plantations, Fertilization, Smallholders, Thailand, Drivers of practics, Survey

Classification Agris : F04 - Fertilizing
K10 - Forestry production

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Chambon Bénédicte, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (THA) - auteur correspondant
  • Lai Dao Xuan, IRC [Institut des régions chaudes] (FRA)
  • Tongkaemkaew Uraiwan, Thaksin University (THA)
  • Gay Frédéric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7624-8489

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/585590/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-05-03 ]