Molecular basis of African yam domestication: Analyses of selection point to root development, starch biosynthesis, and photosynthesis related genes

Akakpo Roland, Scarcelli Nora, Chaïr Hâna, Dansi Alexandre, Djedatin Gustave, Thuillet Anne-Céline, Rhoné Bénédicte, François Olivier, Alix Karine, Vigouroux Yves. 2017. Molecular basis of African yam domestication: Analyses of selection point to root development, starch biosynthesis, and photosynthesis related genes. BMC Genomics, 18:782, 9 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.

Télécharger (1MB) | Preview


Abstract : Background: After cereals, root and tuber crops are the main source of starch in the human diet. Starch biosynthesis was certainly a significant target for selection during the domestication of these crops. But domestication of these root and tubers crops is also associated with gigantism of storage organs and changes of habitat. Results: We studied here, the molecular basis of domestication in African yam, Dioscorea rotundata. The genomic diversity in the cultivated species is roughly 30% less important than its wild relatives. Two percent of all the genes studied showed evidences of selection. Two genes associated with the earliest stages of starch biosynthesis and storage, the sucrose synthase 4 and the sucrose-phosphate synthase 1 showed evidence of selection. An adventitious root development gene, a SCARECROW-LIKE gene was also selected during yam domestication. Significant selection for genes associated with photosynthesis and phototropism were associated with wild to cultivated change of habitat. If the wild species grow as vines in the shade of their tree tutors, cultivated yam grows in full light in open fields. Conclusions: Major rewiring of aerial development and adaptation for efficient photosynthesis in full light characterized yam domestication. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Dioscorea, Génétique des populations, Domestication des plantes, Adaptation, Développement biologique, Système racinaire, Amidon, Biosynthèse, Métabolisme des glucides, Dioscorea rotundata

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin

Mots-clés complémentaires : Dioscorea abyssinica, Dioscorea praehensilis

Mots-clés libres : Domestication, Dioscorea spp., Adaptation, Population genomics, Selection, Root development, Starch, Biosynthesis, Plant development

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography
F50 - Plant structure
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Akakpo Roland, IRD (FRA)
  • Scarcelli Nora, IRD (FRA)
  • Dansi Alexandre, UAC (BEN)
  • Djedatin Gustave, UAC (BEN)
  • Thuillet Anne-Céline, IRD (FRA)
  • Rhoné Bénédicte, IRD (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-4198-622X
  • François Olivier, Université de Grenoble (FRA)
  • Alix Karine, AgroParisTech (FRA)
  • Vigouroux Yves, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-05-16 ]