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Using forum theatre to debate synergies and trade-offs between adaptation strategies of pastoral society with scientists, local and national stakeholders

Botta Aurélie, Jankowski Frédérique, Diao Camara Astou, Corniaux Christian. 2017. Using forum theatre to debate synergies and trade-offs between adaptation strategies of pastoral society with scientists, local and national stakeholders. In : Resilience 2017. Stockholm Resilience Centre, Resilience Alliance. Stockholm : s.n., Résumé, p. 307. Resilience 2017 : Resilience frontiers for global sustainability, Stockholm, Suède, 20 August 2017/23 August 2017.

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Abstract : International development institutions such as FAO and the World Bank have specifically targeted the agropastoral area of Sahel to promote adaptation to global changes and recurring crises (climatic, social and economic). But the practices and strategies supported by these institutions, as well as governments, can drastically differ from those developed by local stakeholders. Our project aimed at exposing and debating the potential synergies and trade-offs between adaptive strategies in the Ferlo area of Senegal, using a new medium: the forum theater (FT). We tested FT as a mediating tool among three worlds: academic actors, local actors and national/international actors, to express and share knowledge, and debate the diversity of viewpoints. A FT group and scientists created a first play to illustrate the gaps between the adaptive strategies favored by the national and international stakeholders, and those developed locally by farmers. The play addressed simplistic oppositions, such as the “traditional” mobility versus the “modern” sedentarization. It was then performed, debated and revisited with local farmers during a 4-day workshop in Ferlo. Finally, the new version of the play was performed and debated with national and international stakeholders in Dakar. In this experiment, FT allowed to debate perceptions among the participants within each performance, and, to a certain extent, between the various performances. By following the evolution of the play and the associated debates, we retraced the knowledge exchange between the different worlds. First step to distinguish true incompatibility between strategies from misunderstanding among worlds. Using FT, we directly addressed the power relationships associated to the plurality of adaptive strategies, pointing out the issues of considering a single perception. Yet, other tools, for example roles playing games and multi-agent systems, would be necessary to further investigate the implications of the trade-offs and synergies suggested during the performances. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : U30 - Research methods
C20 - Extension
L01 - Animal husbandry
A01 - Agriculture - General aspects
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
E14 - Development economics and policies

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Botta Aurélie, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA)
  • Jankowski Frédérique, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (SEN)
  • Diao Camara Astou, ISRA (SEN)
  • Corniaux Christian, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (SEN) ORCID: 0000-0002-0046-5989

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/585716/)

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