Molecular genetics and breeding

Soh Aik Chin, Mayes Sean, Roberts Jeremy, Zaki Noorhariza Mohd, Madon Maria, Schwarzacher Trude, Heslop-Harrison Pat, Ithnin Maizura Bint, Din Amiruddin Mohd, Ramli Umi Salamah, Othman Abrizah, Zulkifli Yaakub, Low Eng Ti Leslie, Ong-Abdullah Meilina, Singh Rajinder, Teh Chee Keng, Kwong Qi Bin, Ong Ail Ling, Mohamed Mohaimi, Apparow Sukganah, Chew Fook Tim, Appleton David Ross, Kulaveerasingam Harikrishna, Teh Huey Fang, Mebus Katharina, Neoh Bee Keat, Ooi Tony Eng Keong, Wong Yick Ching, Cros David. 2017. Molecular genetics and breeding. In : Oil palm breeding : genetics and genomics. Soh Aik Chin (ed.), Mayes Sean (ed.) , Roberts Jeremy A. (ed.). Boca Raton : CRC Press, pp. 225-281. ISBN 978-1-4987-1544-7

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Abstract : Molecular genetics is essentially the study of the mechanisms and effects of trait inheritance at the molecular level. Cytogenetic analysis—the study of the numbers, structure, and organization of the chromosomes packaging the DNA within the cell nucleus—is important for understanding evolution, genetics, epigenetics, genetic recombination, and nuclear stability in all species. Oil palm is a perennial species mostly grown as a source of vegetable oil, although more recently it is also gaining popularity as a biofuel feedstock. Oil palm breeding programs were first initiated in Africa with the objective to obtain high-yielding materials for commercial planting. Whole-genome sequencing is a laboratory process that can reveal the complete DNA repertoire of an organism's genome, distributed in the nucleus, mitochondria, and chloroplasts. The reference oil palm genomes and high-density OP200K genotyping array has enabled the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) of mesocarp oil content in oil palm.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Elaeis guineensis, Génie génétique, Sélection, Biologie moléculaire, Amélioration des plantes, génomique, Génome, Carte génétique, Séquence d'ADN, Marqueur génétique

Mots-clés libres : Oil palm, Genomic selection, Breeding, Genetics

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Soh Aik Chin, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus (MYS)
  • Mayes Sean, Nottingham University (GBR)
  • Roberts Jeremy, University of Plymouth (GBR)
  • Zaki Noorhariza Mohd, MPOB (MYS)
  • Madon Maria, MPOB (MYS)
  • Schwarzacher Trude, University of Leicester (GBR)
  • Heslop-Harrison Pat, University of Leicester (GBR)
  • Ithnin Maizura Bint, MPOB (MYS)
  • Din Amiruddin Mohd, MPOB (MYS)
  • Ramli Umi Salamah, MPOB (MYS)
  • Othman Abrizah, MPOB (MYS)
  • Zulkifli Yaakub, MPOB (MYS)
  • Low Eng Ti Leslie, MPOB (MYS)
  • Ong-Abdullah Meilina, MPOB (MYS)
  • Singh Rajinder, MPOB (MYS)
  • Teh Chee Keng, MPOB (MYS)
  • Kwong Qi Bin, Universiti Putra Malaysia (MYS)
  • Ong Ail Ling, Sime Darby Plantation (MYS)
  • Mohamed Mohaimi, Sime Darby Plantation (MYS)
  • Apparow Sukganah, Sime Darby Plantation (MYS)
  • Chew Fook Tim, National University of Singapore (SGP)
  • Appleton David Ross, Universiti Putra Malaysia (MYS)
  • Kulaveerasingam Harikrishna, Universiti Putra Malaysia (MYS)
  • Teh Huey Fang, Universiti Putra Malaysia (MYS)
  • Mebus Katharina, University of Malaya (MYS)
  • Neoh Bee Keat, Universiti Putra Malaysia (MYS)
  • Ooi Tony Eng Keong, Universiti Putra Malaysia (MYS)
  • Wong Yick Ching, Universiti Putra Malaysia (MYS)
  • Cros David, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (CMR) ORCID: 0000-0002-8601-7991

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