Madagascar: Land and jobs as main drivers of rural migration

Burnod Perrine, Rakotomalala Heriniaina, Bélières Jean-François. 2017. Madagascar: Land and jobs as main drivers of rural migration. In : Rural Africa in motion. Dynamics and drivers of migration South of the Sahara. Mercandalli Sara (ed.), Losch Bruno (ed.). Rome : FAO-CIRAD, pp. 38-39. ISBN 978-92-5-109974-2

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Abstract : In Madagascar, migration is mostly rural migration to other rural areas. They are driven by growing difficulties related to demographic densities and high levels of poverty. Migrants search for jobs and land, and struggle to open up new land frontiers. For spontaneous migration to be successful, a favourable environment is needed. This provides a major role to play by public policies, which can support a more balanced territorial development through the adequate provision of public goods and the improvement of land access conditions. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Population rurale, Migration, Emploi

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar

Mots-clés complémentaires : Développement territorial

Mots-clés libres : Rural migration, Land, Labor, Madagascar

Classification Agris : E51 - Rural population
E12 - Labour and employment

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 5 (2014-2018) - Action publique pour le développement

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Burnod Perrine, CIRAD-ES-UMR TETIS (MDG)
  • Rakotomalala Heriniaina, CIRAD-ES-UMR TETIS (FRA)
  • Bélières Jean-François, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-8399-9045

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Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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