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Disturbance regimes drive the diversity of regional floristic pools across Guianan rainforest landscapes

Guitet Stéphane, Sabatier Damien, Brunaux Olivier, Couteron Pierre, Denis Thomas, Freycon Vincent, Gonzalez Sophie, Herault Bruno, Jaouen Gaëlle, Molino Jean-François, Pélissier Raphaël, Richard-Hansen Cécile, Vincent Grégoire. 2018. Disturbance regimes drive the diversity of regional floristic pools across Guianan rainforest landscapes. Scientific Reports, 8:3872, 12 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : Disturbances control rainforest dynamics, and, according to the intermediate disturbance hypothesis (IDH), disturbance regime is a key driver of local diversity. Variations in disturbance regimes and their consequences on regional diversity at broad spatiotemporal scales are still poorly understood. Using multidisciplinary large-scale inventories and LiDAR acquisitions, we developed a robust indicator of disturbance regimes based on the frequency of a few early successional and widely distributed pioneer species. We demonstrate at the landscape scale that tree-species diversity and disturbance regimes vary with climate and relief. Significant relationships between the disturbance indicator, tree-species diversity and soil phosphorus content agree with the hypothesis that rainforest diversity is controlled both by disturbance regimes and long-term ecosystem stability. These effects explain the broad-scale patterns of floristic diversity observed between landscapes. In fact, species-rich forests in highlands, which have benefited from long-term stability combined with a moderate and regular regime of local disturbances, contrast with less diversified forests on recently shaped lowlands, which have undergone more recent changes and irregular dynamics. These results suggest that taking the current disturbance regime into account and including geomorphological stratifications in climate-vegetation models may be an effective way to improve the prediction of changes in species diversity under climate change.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Forêt tropicale humide, Forêt, Biodiversité, Composition botanique, Flore, Altitude, Pluviométrie, Géomorphologie, inventaire forestier continu, Télédétection, Inventaire forestier, Écosystème forestier, Facteur climatique, Facteur édaphique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Guyane française

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography
U30 - Research methods
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Guitet Stéphane, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Sabatier Damien, IRD (FRA)
  • Brunaux Olivier, ONF (GUF)
  • Couteron Pierre, IRD (FRA)
  • Denis Thomas, ONCFS (FRA)
  • Freycon Vincent, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (FRA)
  • Gonzalez Sophie, IRD (FRA)
  • Herault Bruno, CIRAD-ES-UMR Ecofog (CIV) ORCID: 0000-0002-6950-7286
  • Jaouen Gaëlle, AgroParisTech (FRA)
  • Molino Jean-François, IRD (FRA)
  • Pélissier Raphaël, IRD (FRA)
  • Richard-Hansen Cécile, ONCFS (FRA)
  • Vincent Grégoire, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/587413/)

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