Interactions between agriculture and the city: a systemic approach to examine sustainability in Meknes (Morocco)

Chéry Jean-Pierre, Valette Elodie, Dugué Patrick, Philifert Pascale, El Hassane Abdellaoui. 2017. Interactions between agriculture and the city: a systemic approach to examine sustainability in Meknes (Morocco). In : Toward sustainable relations between agriculture and the city. Soulard Christophe-Toussaint (ed.), Perrin Coline (ed.), Valette Elodie (ed.). Cham : Springer International Publishing, pp. 51-72. (Urban Agriculture) ISBN 978-3-319-71035-8

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Abstract : A growing population, urbanisation, and the economics of agricultural development are among the principal issues that Morocco faces. These issues come with important consequences, such as a strong demand for housing and changes in land tenure. National public policies address these issues sectorally through regional and local actions. This research project examines the relationships between questions of environment, urban development, sustainable agriculture, and local and national logics. We studied these relationships through a systemic representation aimed at a better understanding of the operative elements, as well as the state of individual and collective action in Meknes. As the sixth largest urban centre in Morocco, Meknes illustrates the difficulties of merging growth in agricultural production and urbanisation. Urban planning in the region has favoured the development of real estate and the application of a law designed to convert collective lands to private ownership, creating significant changes in land use, often at the expense of agriculture. A systemic approach helps us identify the externalities that influence public policies and local actions, and underlines the need for a multi-level examination of the relationships between cities and agriculture.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Agriculture urbaine, Ville, Zone périurbaine, Politique de développement, sécurité alimentaire, Impact sur l'environnement, Utilisation des terres, Agriculture durable, Développement durable, Gouvernance, Développement agricole

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Maroc

Mots-clés complémentaires : Politique publique

Classification Agris : E10 - Agricultural economics and policies
E14 - Development economics and policies
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Chéry Jean-Pierre, AgroParisTech (FRA)
  • Valette Elodie, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2104-0445
  • Philifert Pascale, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense (FRA)
  • El Hassane Abdellaoui, ENAM (MAR)

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