The different dimensions of livelihood impacts of Payments for Environmentals Services (PES) schemes: A systematic review

Blundo Canto Genowefa, Bax Vincent, Quintero Marcela, Cruz-Garcia Gisella S., Groeneveld Rolf A., Perez-Marulanda Lisset. 2018. The different dimensions of livelihood impacts of Payments for Environmentals Services (PES) schemes: A systematic review. Ecological Economics, 149 : pp. 160-183.

Journal article ; Article de synthèse ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Published version - Anglais
License Licence Creative Commons.
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : ECONOMICS / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : Through a systematic review of peer-reviewed and grey literature, this paper analyzes evidence of the livelihood impacts of Payments for Environmental Services (PES). Forty-six studies assessed PES livelihood impacts. The assessments presented more positive livelihood impacts than negative ones, focusing on financial benefits. Non-monetary and non-material impacts of PES were largely understudied. Most reviews focused on ES providers, hindering the understanding of broader societal impacts. The review yielded examples where participants lost from their participation or where improvements in one livelihood dimension paralleled deterioration in another. Consequently, we identified key research gaps in: i) understanding the social and cultural impacts of PES, ii) evaluating environmental and economic additionality from improving other ES at the expense of cultural ones, iii) and assessing PES impacts in terms of trade-offs between multiple livelihood dimensions. Moreover, increased knowledge is needed on the impact of PES on changes in household expenditure and choice, and on trade-offs between household income and inequality in ES provider communities. Finally, if PES schemes are implemented to sustainably improve livelihoods, targeting disaggregated populations, understanding equity and social power relations within and between ES providers and users, and better monitoring and evaluation systems that consider locally relevant livelihood dimensions are needed.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : gestion des ressources naturelles, Développement durable, Biodiversité

Mots-clés libres : Ecosystem services, Conservation incentives, Impact evaluation, Developing countries

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
E50 - Rural sociology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Blundo Canto Genowefa, CIRAD-ES-UMR INNOVATION (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4182-3663 - auteur correspondant
  • Bax Vincent, Universidad de Ciencias y Humanidades (PER)
  • Quintero Marcela, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (COL)
  • Cruz-Garcia Gisella S., International Center for Tropical Agriculture (COL)
  • Groeneveld Rolf A., Wageningen University (NLD)
  • Perez-Marulanda Lisset, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (COL)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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