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Gene flow between divergent cereal- and grass-specific lineages of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae

Gladieux Pierre, Condon Bradford, Ravel Sébastien, Soanes Darren M., Maciel João Leodato Nunes, NhaniJúnior Antonio, Chen Li, Terauchi Ryohei, Lebrun Marc-Henri, Tharreau Didier, Mitchell Thomas K., Pedley Kerry F., Valent Barbara, Talbot Nicholas J., Farman Mark, Fournier Elisabeth. 2018. Gene flow between divergent cereal- and grass-specific lineages of the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. Mbio, 9 (1):e01219, 17 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MICROBIOLOGY

Abstract : Delineating species and epidemic lineages in fungal plant pathogens is critical to our understanding of disease emergence and the structure of fungal biodiversity and also informs international regulatory decisions. Pyricularia oryzae (syn. Magnaporthe oryzae) is a multihost pathogen that infects multiple grasses and cereals, is responsible for the most damaging rice disease (rice blast), and is of growing concern due to the recent introduction of wheat blast to Bangladesh from South America. However, the genetic structure and evolutionary history of M. oryzae, including the possible existence of cryptic phylogenetic species, remain poorly defined. Here, we use whole-genome sequence information for 76 M. oryzae isolates sampled from 12 grass and cereal genera to infer the population structure of M. oryzae and to reassess the species status of wheat-infecting populations of the fungus. Species recognition based on genealogical concordance, using published data or extracting previously used loci from genome assemblies, failed to confirm a prior assignment of wheat blast isolates to a new species (Pyricularia graminis-tritici). Inference of population subdivisions revealed multiple divergent lineages within M. oryzae, each preferentially associated with one host genus, suggesting incipient speciation following host shift or host range expansion. Analyses of gene flow, taking into account the possibility of incomplete lineage sorting, revealed that genetic exchanges have contributed to the makeup of multiple lineages within M. oryzae. These findings provide greater understanding of the ecoevolutionary factors that underlie the diversification of M. oryzae and highlight the practicality of genomic data for epidemiological surveillance in this important multihost pathogen.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza, riz, Magnaporthe, Flux de gènes, Pyricularia oryzae

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Gladieux Pierre, INRA (FRA)
  • Condon Bradford, University of Kentucky (USA)
  • Ravel Sébastien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Soanes Darren M., University of Exeter (GBR)
  • Maciel João Leodato Nunes, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • NhaniJúnior Antonio, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Chen Li, University of Kentucky (USA)
  • Terauchi Ryohei, IBRC (JPN)
  • Lebrun Marc-Henri, INRA (FRA)
  • Tharreau Didier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-3961-6120
  • Mitchell Thomas K., The Ohio State University (USA)
  • Pedley Kerry F., USDA (USA)
  • Valent Barbara, Kansas State University (USA)
  • Talbot Nicholas J., University of Exeter (GBR)
  • Farman Mark, University of Kentucky (USA)
  • Fournier Elisabeth, INRA (FRA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/587623/)

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