Review of the diversity of palm oil production systems in Indonesia: Case study of two provinces: Riau and Jambi

Baudoin Alice, Bosc Pierre-Marie, Bessou Cécile, Levang Patrice. 2017. Review of the diversity of palm oil production systems in Indonesia: Case study of two provinces: Riau and Jambi. Bogor : CIFOR, 75 p. (CIFOR working paper, 219)

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Abstract : This paper proposes an overview of the development of oil palm production in Indonesia combining two levels: (i) a national and historical perspective of the development of the sector; (ii) a regional approach considering two contrasting provinces, Riau and Jambi. Starting with colonial times, the national approach deals first with the main periods that punctuate the development of oil palm plantations up to the contemporary period, marked by the liberalization of the economy. It emphasizes several factors that played a strategic role in the development of palm oil production, such as the role of the State and migration. After presenting the different models that structure the relationships among stakeholders and how these relationships have evolved, the role of small family planters is analyzed. This section ends with a review of some controversial issues: livelihood improvement, land tenure and customary rights, inclusion versus exclusion, market risks, forest and environmental threats and governance. The regional approach gives context to the development of palm oil production within two territories that have different historical backgrounds, with Jambi entering into production relatively recently. In each of the two provinces, the themes and issues involved in palm oil development identified at national level are analyzed, with specific emphasis on stakeholders� strategic behaviours. The paper concludes with a comparative perspective on both provinces.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Elaeis guineensis, Huile de palme, Huile de palmiste, Développement régional, Économie de production, Petite exploitation agricole, Gestion foncière, Gestion de l'environnement

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Indonésie

Mots-clés libres : Palm oils, Oil palm, Production, Plantations, Economic situation, Development

Classification Agris : F01 - Crops
E16 - Production economics
E80 - Home economics and crafts
B50 - History

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Baudoin Alice
  • Bosc Pierre-Marie, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (FRA)
  • Bessou Cécile, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6686-8468
  • Levang Patrice, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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