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Characterization of cocoa production, income diversification and shade tree management along a climate gradient in Ghana

Abdulai Issaka, Jassogne Laurence, Graefe Sophie, Asare Richard, Van Asten Piet J.A., Läderach Peter, Vaast Philippe. 2018. Characterization of cocoa production, income diversification and shade tree management along a climate gradient in Ghana. PloS One, 13 (4):e0195777, 17 p.

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Url - jeu de données : https://figshare.com/articles/Characterization_of_cocoa_production_income_diversification_and_shade_tree_management_along_a_climate_gradient_in_Ghana/6145667

Quartile : Q2, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Reduced climatic suitability due to climate change in cocoa growing regions of Ghana is expected in the coming decades. This threatens farmers' livelihood and the cocoa sector. Climate change adaptation requires an improved understanding of existing cocoa production systems and farmers' coping strategies. This study characterized current cocoa production, income diversification and shade tree management along a climate gradient within the cocoa belt of Ghana. The objectives were to 1) compare existing production and income diversification between dry, mid and wet climatic regions, and 2) identify shade trees in cocoa agroforestry systems and their distribution along the climatic gradient. Our results showed that current mean cocoa yield level of 288kg ha-1yr-1 in the dry region was significantly lower than in the mid and wet regions with mean yields of 712 and 849 kg ha-1 yr-1, respectively. In the dry region, farmers diversified their income sources with non-cocoa crops and off-farm activities while farmers at the mid and wet regions mainly depended on cocoa (over 80% of annual income). Two shade systems classified as medium and low shade cocoa agroforestry systems were identified across the studied regions. The medium shade system was more abundant in the dry region and associated to adaptation to marginal climatic conditions. The low shade system showed significantly higher yield in the wet region but no difference was observed between the mid and dry regions. This study highlights the need for optimum shade level recommendation to be climatic region specific.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Agroforesterie, Arbre d'ombrage, Changement climatique, adaptation aux changements climatiques, Sécheresse, Croissance

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Ghana

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
K10 - Forestry production
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Abdulai Issaka, University of Göttingen (DEU) - auteur correspondant
  • Jassogne Laurence, IITA (UGA)
  • Graefe Sophie, University of Göttingen (DEU)
  • Asare Richard, IITA (GHA)
  • Van Asten Piet J.A., IITA (UGA)
  • Läderach Peter, CIAT (VNM)
  • Vaast Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (VNM)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/587939/)

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