DArT whole genome profiling provides insights on the evolution and taxonomy of edible Banana (Musa spp.)

Sardos Julie, Perrier Xavier, Dolezel Jaroslav, Hribova Eva, Christelová P., Van Den Houwe Ines, Kilian Andrzej, Roux Nicolas. 2016. DArT whole genome profiling provides insights on the evolution and taxonomy of edible Banana (Musa spp.). Annals of Botany, 118 (7) : pp. 1269-1278.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Background and Aims: Dessert and cooking bananas are vegetatively propagated crops of great importance for both the subsistence and the livelihood of people in developing countries. A wide diversity of diploid and triploid cultivars including AA, AB, AS, AT, AAA, AAB, ABB, AAS and AAT genomic constitutions exists. Within each of this genome groups, cultivars are classified into subgroups that are reported to correspond to varieties clonally derived from each other after a single sexual event. The number of those founding events at the basis of the diversity of bananas is a matter of debate. Methods: We analysed a large panel of 575 accessions, 94 wild relatives and 481 cultivated accessions belonging to the section Musa with a set of 498 DArT markers previously developed. Key Results: DArT appeared successful and accurate to describe Musa diversity and help in the resolution of cultivated banana genome constitution and taxonomy, and highlighted discrepancies in the acknowledged classification of some accessions. This study also argues for at least two centres of domestication corresponding to South-East Asia and New Guinea, respectively. Banana domestication in New Guinea probably followed different schemes that those previously reported where hybridization underpins the emergence of edible banana. In addition, our results suggest that not all wild ancestors of bananas are known, especially in M. acuminata subspecies. We also estimate the extent of the two consecutive bottlenecks in edible bananas by evaluating the number of sexual founding events underlying our sets of edible diploids and triploids, respectively. Conclusions: The attribution of clone identity to each sample of the sets allowed the detection of subgroups represented by several sets of clones. Although morphological characterization of some of the accessions is needed to correct potentially erroneous classifications, some of the subgroups seem polyclonal.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Musa acuminata, Banane plantain, Multiplication végétative, Variété, génomique, clone, Taxonomie, Domestication des plantes

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Asie du Sud-Est, Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée

Mots-clés libres : Musa, Banana, DArT, Diversity, Domestication

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sardos Julie, Bioversity International (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Perrier Xavier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0092-003X
  • Dolezel Jaroslav, Institute of Experimental Botany (CZE)
  • Hribova Eva, Institute of Experimental Botany (CZE)
  • Christelová P., Institute of Experimental Botany (CZE)
  • Van Den Houwe Ines, Bioversity International (BEL)
  • Kilian Andrzej, Diversity Arrays Technology (AUS)
  • Roux Nicolas, Bioversity International (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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