Feeding 9 billion people: global food security debates and the productionist trap

Fouilleux Eve, Bricas Nicolas, Alpha Arlène. 2018. Feeding 9 billion people: global food security debates and the productionist trap. In : Transforming food and agricultural policy : Post-exceptionalism in public policy. Daugbjerg Carsten (ed.), Feindt Peter H. (ed.). Oxon : Routledge, pp. 94-113. (Journal of European Public Policy Series) ISBN 978-0-8153-6036-0

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Abstract : Food security, a long-established item on the international agenda, raises many issues including production, consumption, poverty, inequalities, healthcare and conflicts. However, in 2007/2008 the global food security debate was relaunched with a single dominant focus which continues to the present day: increasing agricultural production. This paper explains this productionist bias - which may translate into inadequate policies - by combining insights from institutionalist and cognitive analyses. We show that, despite recent reforms, the global food security field remains dominated by macro- and microinstitutions that put food availability and agricultural production at the heart of the problem and solutions. The political and discursive strategies developed by transnational corporations and private foundations to promote their productivist interests are also key, along with the demands of dominant farmers' unions in exporting cpuntries. Although advocating opposite development patterns, civil society actors implicitly reinforce the productionist perspective through their focus on family agriculture

Mots-clés Agrovoc : sécurité alimentaire, Système de culture, agriculture familiale, Exploitation agricole familiale, cooperation public-privé, approches participatives, Gouvernance, Politique de développement

Classification Agris : S01 - Human nutrition - General aspects
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
E14 - Development economics and policies
E80 - Home economics, industries and crafts

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 5 (2014-2018) - Action publique pour le développement

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fouilleux Eve, CNRS (FRA)
  • Bricas Nicolas, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7627-3852
  • Alpha Arlène, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (BFA)

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