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Intra-individual heterogeneity of rDNA allows the distinction between two closely related species in the Genus Helianthus

Cuellar Térésa, Bella José L., Belhassen Eric. 1996. Intra-individual heterogeneity of rDNA allows the distinction between two closely related species in the Genus Helianthus. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 93 (5-6) : pp. 794-800.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : The Ribosomal DNAs of Helianthus annuus and H. argophyllus were analysed. Total DNA from single individuals of six cultivated lines, one wild ecotype ofH. annuus, and three ecotypes of H. argophyllus, were digested with various restriction enzymes. Hybridisation of Southern blots with sunflower ribosomal probes containing most of the interspacer regions (R3) or the 25 s coding region (R2) reveals different patterns from those expected: while no difference between H. annuus and H. argophyllus had been observed in previous rDNA RFLP analysis, our study clearly distinguished the two species on the basis of two different patterns when using R3 and BamHI, BstYI, or EcoRI/BamHI. Furthermore, the sum of the fragment weights of the BamHI restriction patterns was much greater than that of the rDNA entire unit-weight space. The co-existence of different rDNA units within single individuals is proposed as a model to explain these results. Four rDNA units were distinguished, which differed in their state of methylation and by the presence of mutations at two BamRI restriction sites. H. annuus individuals displayed two types of rDNA units while H. argophyllus individuals displayed four types.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Helianthus annuus, ADN ribosomal, Marqueur génétique, RFLP, Méthylation, Polymorphisme génétique, chromosome mapping [EN], Hybridation d'ADN

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Mots-clés complémentaires : Helianthus argophyllus

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Cuellar Térésa, UAM (ESP)
  • Bella José L., UAM (ESP)
  • Belhassen Eric, INRA (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/589573/)

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