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Inclusiveness revisited: Assessing inclusive businesses in South African agriculture

Chamberlain Wytske, Anseeuw Ward. 2019. Inclusiveness revisited: Assessing inclusive businesses in South African agriculture. Development Southern Africa, 36 (5) : pp. 600-615.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q4, Sujet : DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

Abstract : Inclusive businesses are complex partnerships between commercial entities and smallholders/low-income communities, to include the latter in commercial agricultural value chains. IBs offer income opportunities for both partners, but are also regarded as empowering the smallholders/communities. To date, IB inclusiveness has been assessed mainly through basic quantitative measurements. However, these measures neglect the complexities of the overall value creation process, and of the inclusion of the beneficiaries within this process. This paper aims at providing a more holistic methodology by assessing the level of inclusiveness based on four dimensions: ownership, voice, risk and reward. Case studies in South Africa show that inclusion of low-income communities lags behind the intended level. Lack of financial resources and skills, reinforced by power imbalance, result in smallholder ownership being limited to land, the community's voice being compromised, risk being transferred to the smallholder communities and rewards being disappointing for the beneficiaries.

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique du Sud

Mots-clés libres : Inclusive business, Agriculture, South Africa

Classification Agris : E70 - Trade, marketing and distribution
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
E10 - Agricultural economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 5 (2019-) - Territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Chamberlain Wytske, University of Pretoria (ZAF) - auteur correspondant
  • Anseeuw Ward, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (ITA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/589819/)

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