Extracellular vesicles secretion by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides, the etiological agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia

Ganter Sarah, Villard Alexandre, Manso-Silvan Lucia, Chevret Didier, Boulé Christelle, Monnet Véronique, Tardy Florence, Gaurivaud Patrice. 2019. Extracellular vesicles secretion by Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides, the etiological agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia. In : Book of abstracts of the European Mycoplasma Conference, London 2019. Chalker Vicki (ed.), Spiller Brad (ed.). Londres : FEMS, p. 47. European Mycoplasma Conference London, Londres, Royaume-Uni, 18 March 2019/19 March 2019.

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Abstract : Background: Extracellular vesicles (EV) are nano-sized, membrane-derived, non-self-replicating, spherical structures shed into the extracellular environment by both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. In bacteria, EV carry virulence factors like adhesins, toxins and immunomodulatory molecules. They are of importance for the bacteria –host interplay and hence vaccine development. Within the Mycoplasma (M.) genus EV have only been described, briefly, in M. gallisepticum so far. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential secretion of EV by M. mycoides subsp. mycoides (Mmm), the etiological agent of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, and to characterize their membrane protein content. Methods: Several culture conditions were tested to produce EV of Mmm strain Afadé in vitro. Vesicles were collected using a classical ultracentrifugation method and observed by transmission electron microscopy. Different approaches, such as gradient density and cultures in minimal medium were tested in order to improve EV purification. EV membrane proteins were extracted with triton x-114 and identified by mass spectrometry. Results: Mmm was shown to release EV in vitro, their size and concentration being dependent on growth conditions. Mmm vesicles were produced by living cells and not by cells with decreased viability after stresses. Their release happened in a budding-way from the cell surface as observed by electron miscroscopy. Several virulence factors were identified in EV membranes suggesting that EV could be involved in host-mycoplasma interactions. Conclusion: Mmm can produce in vitro extracellular vesicles that carry virulence factors. Whether this also happens in vivo has yet to be demonstrated.

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ganter Sarah, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Villard Alexandre, ANSES (FRA)
  • Manso-Silvan Lucia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5539-3804
  • Chevret Didier, INRA (FRA)
  • Boulé Christelle, Université Claude Bernard (FRA)
  • Monnet Véronique, INRA (FRA)
  • Tardy Florence, ANSES (FRA)
  • Gaurivaud Patrice, ANSES (FRA)

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