Update of the species checklist of Culicoides Latreille, 1809 biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) of Morocco

Bourquia Maria, Garros Claire, Rakotoarivony Ignace, Gardes Laëtitia, Huber Karine, Boukhari Intissar, Delecolle Jean Claude, Baldet Thierry, Mignotte Antoine, Lhor Youssef, Khallaayoune Khalid, Balenghien Thomas. 2019. Update of the species checklist of Culicoides Latreille, 1809 biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) of Morocco. Parasites and Vectors, 12:459, 13 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
License Licence Creative Commons.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : TROPICAL MEDICINE / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PARASITOLOGY

Abstract : Background: Investigations of Culicoides fauna, including inventories, were carried out in Morocco at different periods after the country had faced major bluetongue and African horse sickness outbreaks. However, no comprehensive reference publication has provided a clear overview of the Culicoides species diversity. This study reviewed available data on Culicoides biting midge species in Morocco from 1968 to 2015 (published and grey literature in French and English) in order to revise the current checklist, in light of state of the art taxonomic and systematic knowledge, and confirmed the checklist with morphological and molecular identifications of specimens collected from the region of Rabat. Methods: Literature related to Culicoides collections in Morocco was collated. Authors were contacted to obtain raw data and additional information for the collections. Fresh Culicoides material was collected and examined from two sites around Rabat, the capital of Morocco. Each collected individual was examined and morphologically identified, if possible, to the species level. In addition, molecular identification was performed to separate closely related species, to confirm difficult morphological identifications and to confirm new species records. Results: A total of 6121 individuals of Culicoides spp. were collected and analyzed and at least 17 species were identified: C. cataneii/C. gejgelensis, C. circumscriptus, C. fagineus, C. festivipennis, C. imicola, C. jumineri, C. kingi, C. longipennis, C. montanus, C. newsteadi, C. obsoletus, C. paolae, C. parotti, C. puncticollis, C. sahariensis, C. scoticus and C. subfagineus. Seven species were confirmed using phylogenetic analyses. Two new species records for Morocco are reported: C. paolae and C. subfagineus. Conclusions: The Moroccan fauna of Culicoides now includes 54 valid species. Further work would certainly increase this total, as one of the clades we identified was not affiliated to any described and valid species.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Culicoides, Identification, Biodiversité, Vecteur de maladie, Taxonomie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Maroc

Mots-clés libres : Biodiversité, Inventaire, Culicoides, Rabat, Maroc

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L60 - Animal taxonomy and geography
000 - Other themes

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bourquia Maria, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Garros Claire, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4378-5031
  • Rakotoarivony Ignace, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Gardes Laëtitia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (GLP)
  • Huber Karine, INRA (FRA)
  • Boukhari Intissar, IAV Hassan II (MAR)
  • Delecolle Jean Claude, Faculté de médecine de Strasbourg (FRA)
  • Baldet Thierry, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2979-9517
  • Mignotte Antoine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Lhor Youssef, Office National de Sécurité Sanitaire des Produits Alimentaires (MAR)
  • Khallaayoune Khalid, IAV Hassan II (MAR)
  • Balenghien Thomas, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (MAR) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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